Scientific Name
Sphyraena barracuda  
Sphyraena barracuda巴拉金梭魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Edwards, 1771) Depth 0 - 100M
Chinese 巴拉金梭魚 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 金梭魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F472 Sphyraenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大魣 
Max Length 200 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 針梭、竹梭、巴拉庫答、爛投梭(澎湖)、爛糟梭(澎湖)、粗鱗竹梭(澎湖) 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Ocean、Coral、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality West Indies 
Synonyms Agrioposphyraena barracuda, Esox barracuda, Esox barracuda, Sphyraena baracuda, Sphyraena barracuda, Sphyraena becuna, Sphyraena commersonii, Sphyraena dussumieri, Sphyraena picuda, Sphyraena sphyraena picuda, Syphyraena barracuda   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Victor G. Springer etc. 1961 DONALD P. DESYLVA 1963 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054424. ASIZP0056165. ASIZP0057621. ASIZP0059379. ASIZP0068780. ASIZP0070361. ASIZP0070383. ASIZP0072975. ASIZP0700355.  
Common Name Short barracuda; Barra; Commerson's sea pike; Barracuda; Great barracuda; Great barra cuda 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, subcylindrical or slightly compressed. Head long, pointed, scaly on sides and posteriorly on top. Mouth nearly horizontal, large. Jaws elongate, the lower one considerably projecting; large, sharp, flattened or conical teeth of unequal size on jaws and palatines; usually 1 or 2 strong, sharp canines near tip of lower jaw. Maxilla reaching to or a little beyond anterior margin of eye. No gill rakers on first gill arch. Two short dorsal fins, widely separated; the first with V strong spines inserted about opposite to or behind pelvic fins; the second with I spine and 9 soft rays; anal fin with II spines and 7 or 8 soft rays; origin of pelvic fins before first dorsal-fin origin; caudal fin with a pair of large lobes at posterior margin, except in young less than 50 cm total length which have a forked caudal fin.. Lateral-line scales 75 to 87. Many oblique dark bars on upper half of body, these not across lateral line; caudal fin black with white tips; some black blotches sometimes present on underside of posterior body. Juveniles with a series of large dark blotches irregularly arranged on sides of body.
habitats Found predominantly at or near the surface. Juveniles occur among mangroves, estuaries and shallow sheltered inner reef areas; adults occur in a wide range of habitats from murky inner harbors to open seas. Diurnal and solitary, but can also be found in s 
Distribution Widespread in all tropical seas of the world except the eastern Pacific Ocean; north to southern Japan. It is a very common species in Taiwan, especially in southern part. 
Utility Sold fresh. Utilized also dried or salted.