Scientific Name
Sphyraena forsteri  
Sphyraena forsteri大眼金梭魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Cuvier, 1829 Depth 0 - 300M
Chinese 大眼金梭魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 金梭魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F472 Sphyraenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大眼魣 
Max Length 75 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 針梭、竹梭、巴拉庫答 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coral、Estuary、
Holotype Locality New Guinea 
Synonyms Callosphyraena toxeuma, Sphyraena forsteni, Sphyraena toxeuma   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1829 Klausewitz, W. etc. 1967 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056169. FRIP03128. FRIP21127. FRIP21406. NMMBP04409. NMMBP04981. NMMBP08606. NTUM06490. NTUM06491. NTUM06782. SU7318.  
Common Name Blackspot barracuda; Bigeye barracuda; Forster's sea-pike 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, subcylindrical or slightly compressed. Head long, pointed, scaly on sides and posteriorly on top. Mouth nearly horizontal, large. Jaws elongate, the lower one considerably projecting; large, sharp, flattened or conical teeth of unequal size on jaws and palatines; usually 1 or 2 strong, sharp canines near tip of lower jaw. Maxilla either not reaching anterior margin of eye, or to just below anterior margin. First gill arch with many platelets, each bearing distinct small spines. Two short dorsal fins, widely separated; the first with V strong spines inserted about opposite to or behind pelvic fins; the second with I spine and 8 soft rays; anal fin with II spines and 9 soft rays; origin of pelvic fins before first dorsal-fin origin; tip of pectoral fins not reaching to first dorsal fin; caudal fin forked in all stages. Lateral-line scales 112 to 133. Body without bars and stripes; a dusky blotch present behind axil of pectoral fins; caudal fin darkish.
habitats Nocturnally active, but occurring in large schools above lagoon patch reefs and along outer reef slopes during the day. Feeds mainly on fishes, but also on penaeid shrimps and squids. 
Distribution Widespread in the tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific, from East Africa to the Marquesas Islands; north to southern Japan. It is a common species in Taiwan. 
Utility Sold fresh, frozen or dried salted.