Scientific Name
Trichiurus lepturus  
Trichiurus lepturus白帶魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Linnaeus, 1758 Depth 0 - 589M
Chinese 白帶魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 帶魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F474 Trichiuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 高鰭帶魚 
Max Length 234 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 白魚、裙帶、肥帶、油帶、天竺帶魚、白帶魚、黃稜油帶(澎湖) 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、South West、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Benthos、Estuary、
Holotype Locality America and China 
Synonyms Clupea haumela, Trachiurus lepturus, Trichiuris haumela, Trichiurus argenteus, Trichiurus coxii, Trichiurus haumela, Trichiurus japanicus, Trichiurus japonicus, Trichiurus lajor, Trichiurus lepturus japonicus, Trichiurus malabaricus, Trichiurus nitens, Trichurus lepturus ...all 14..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Misu, H. 1969 Shao, K. T. etc. 1978 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Hsu, K.C., N.T. Shih, I.H. Ni, etc. 2007 
Specimen List AMNH90093. ASIZP0054829. ASIZP0059179. ASIZP0059724. ASIZP0059756. ASIZP0060417. ASIZP0060626. ASIZP0061097. ASIZP0061116. ASIZP0061172. ASIZP0061195. ASIZP0062415. ASIZP0062416. ASIZP0062671. ASIZP0064473. ASIZP0064476. ASIZP0064477. ASIZP0064478. ASIZP0065186. ASIZP0065187. ASIZP0065188. ASIZP0069697. ASIZP0071295. ASIZP0072092. ASIZP0072107. ASIZP0072826. ASIZP0073031. ASIZP0075035. ASIZP0075407. ASIZP0075617. ASIZP0075701. ASIZP0075836. ASIZP0075859. ASIZP0075932. ASIZP0075940. ASIZP0075951. ASIZP0075973. ...List all 130 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Silverfish; Ribbon fish; Common hairtail; Cutlassfish; Atlantic cutlassfish; Cutlass fish; Australian hairtail; Hairtail; Largehead hairtail; Largeheaded ribbonfish; Hair tail 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body extremely elongate, compressed and tapering to a point. Mouth large with a dermal process at the tip of each jaw. Dorsal fin relatively high; anal fin reduced to minute spinules usually embedded in the skin or slightly breaking through; anterior margin of pectoral fin spine not serrated. Pelvic and caudal fins absent. Lateral line beginning at the upper margin of the gill cover, running oblique to behind the tip of the pectoral fins, then straight close to the ventral contour. Fresh specimens steely blue with silvery reflections, becoming uniformly silvery gray sometime after death.
habitats Generally over muddy bottoms of shallow coastal waters. Often enters estuaries. Juveniles feed mostly on euphausiids, small pelagic planktonic crustaceans and small fishes; adults feed mainly on fishes and occasionally on squids and crustaceans. Adults an 
Distribution Throughout tropical and temperate waters of the world. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed salted or dried and also frozen. Excellent taste when fried or grilled; also for sashimi when fresh.