Scientific Name
Uranoscopus tosae  
Uranoscopus tosae土佐鰧
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Jordan & Hubbs, 1925) Depth 55 - 420M
Chinese 土佐鰧 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰧科 Economic Fish No 
Family F443 Uranoscopidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 土佐鰧 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大頭丁、眼鏡魚、含笑、向天虎、土佐瞻星魚 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Kochi in Tosa, Shikoku I., Japan. 
Synonyms Uranoscopus oligolepis, Zalescopus tosae   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2006)  Jordan, D.S. etc. 1925 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0058733. ASIZP0059589. ASIZP0067775. ASIZP0067816. ASIZP0067825. ASIZP0067901. ASIZP0068288. ASIZP0070573. ASIZP0803536. ASIZP0803577. ASIZP0803586. ASIZP0803662. ASIZP0804049. ASIZP0913536. ASIZP0913577. ASIZP0913586. ASIZP0913662. ASIZP0914049. FRIP01217. NMMBP03230. NMMBP03285. NMNSF01423. NTMP0718. NTOU-AE6135. SU49437.  
Common Name Tosa stargazer 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Head and body depressed, compressed posteriorly. Top of head with bony tubercles, shallowly concave. Depression on interorbital space not exending to line connecting posterior rims of orbits. Lower edge of preoperculum with 4 spines. Cleithral spine large and stout. Scales small, 54 to 57 in longitudinal series; nuchal region naked anterior, but scaled posteriorly. Anterior nostril tubular. Respiratory valve inside lower jaw with produced into a flap of various size. Two dorsal fins, the first fin black with white area at base and with IV or V weak spines, the second dorsal fin with 13 soft rays; anal-fin rays 12 to 14. Body and head brownish, white below.
habitats Found in shelf and shelf edge. Hides in sandy bottoms. 
Distribution Distributed in the Northwest Pacific from southern Japan to the South China Sea, excluding the Ryukyu Islands. It is found in northeastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial value.