Scientific Name
Bothus mancus  
Bothus mancus蒙鮃
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Broussonet, 1782) Depth 1 - 8M
Chinese 蒙鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮃科 Economic Fish No 
Family F494 Bothidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 凹吻鮃 
Max Length 42 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚、肉瞇仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pan_Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Ulietea, Tahiti 
Synonyms Crossorhombus macroptera, Platophrys mancus, Pleuronectes barffi, Pleuronectes mancus, Pseudorhombus cinnamomeus, Rhombus macropterus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055185. ASIZP0055280. ASIZP0060485. ASIZP0062117. ASIZP0900491. FRIP21628. NMMBP02544. NMMBP04625. NMMBP04701. NTUM02154. NTUM05349. NTUM05401. NTUM05572. USNM00282621.  
Common Name Peacock flounder; Tropical flounder; Manyray flatfish; Flowery flounder; Flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 100-110; anal-fin rays 76-79; pectoral-fin rays 11. Eyed side with dark margined light colored spots and numerous scattered small dark spots; normally with 3 dark blotches or spots on lateral line; dorsal and anal fins with longitudinal row of widely-spaced dark spots; pectorals of the eyed side with dark crossbars.
habitats Inhabits sandy bottoms of coastal coral reefs, generally in shallow water. Occasionally rests on bare rock. Feeds on fishes, crabs and shrimps. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: in tropical waters, from South Africa to Hawaii and Easter Island; north to southern Japan and south to Lord Howe Island. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Lanyu, Lyudao, North, East. 
Utility Commercial aquarium species.