Scientific Name
Bothus pantherinus  
Bothus pantherinus豹紋鮃
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Rüppell, 1830) Depth 0 - 30M
Chinese 豹紋鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮃科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F494 Bothidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 豹鮃 
Max Length 39 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚、肉瞇仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Mohila, Red Sea 
Synonyms Bothus pantherhines, Bothus pantherhinus, Passer marchionessarum, Platophrys pantherines, Platophrys pantherinus, Rhomboidichthys pantherinus, Rhombus pantherinus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Amaoka, K. etc. 1974 Kunio Amaoka 1974 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0060121. ASIZP0066134. ASIZP0066484. ASIZP0069964. ASIZP0073966. ASIZP0074835. ASIZP0074842. ASIZP0700322. ASIZP0801442. ASIZP0801443. ASIZP0803388. ASIZP0911442. ASIZP0911443. ASIZP0913388. FRIP20193. FRIP21249. FRIP21534. NMMBP02372. NMMBP04159. NMMBP08495. NMMBP08719. NMMBP08795. NMMSTP00775. NMNSF00505. NTMP0149. NTUM05404. NTUM05457. NTUM05459. USNM00282671.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Panther flounder; Flounder; Leopard flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 86-94; anal-fin rays 66-72; pectoral-fin rays 10-11. Eyed side with dark spots, blotches and rings on body and median fins; 1 distinct dark blotch on middle of straight section of lateral line; narrow dark crossbars on eyed side of pectorals.
habitats Inhabits sandy or silty sand, and muddy bottoms of inner reef flats and seaward reefs. Juveniles frequently found in tide pools. Feeds on benthic animals. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: throughout the Indian Ocean, including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf to Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. Taiwan: South, Hsaioliuchiu, Penghu, Lanyu, Lyud 
Utility Commercial fishery species. Utilized as a food fish and processed into fish meal.