Scientific Name
Crossorhombus azureus  
Crossorhombus azureus青纓鮃
by: ©Sainsbury, Keith: CSIRO
Author (Alcock, 1889) Depth 13 - 200M
Chinese 青纓鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮃科 Economic Fish No 
Family F494 Bothidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 青纓鮃 
Max Length 18 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚、肉瞇仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、PonFu 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Eight to 20 mi. southwest of Puri, Bay of Bengal, 7-13 fms 
Synonyms Crossorhombus valderostratus, Rhomboidichthys azureus   
Reference 中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  李思忠, 王惠民 1995 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0062235. ASIZP0062236. ASIZP0062237. ASIZP0074667. ASIZP0074668. ASIZP0900324. NMMBP02774. NMMBP04564. NTMP0148. NTMP0958. NTUM01589. NTUM02490.  
Common Name Blue flounder; Chain-mail wide-eyed flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 84-92; anal-fin rays 63-74; pectoral-fin rays 17. Body on eyed side brownish grey, with darker spots and blotches. Fins paler than body, dorsal and anal fins with small dark spots, caudal fin with 2 distinct dark bands. Males with distinct bluish black pyriform color pattern on blind side. Body ovoid, its depth 1.7 to 2 times in SL. Head small, snout shorter than eye, profile steep anterior to interorbital area. Head length 3.3 to 4.5 times in SL. Both eyes on left side of head, front margin of upper eye slightly behind front margin of lower eye. Gill rakers short and pointed. Scales on eyed side with long ctenii.
habitats Lives on mud bottoms and feeds on bottom-living animals. Sexually dimorphic characters develop at about 6 cm SL. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Bay of Bengal, northwestern Australia, South China Sea, China, Taiwan, Japan, Viet Nam, and Aru Islands, Indonesia. Taiwan: South, Penghu, West. 
Utility Commercial fisheries and aquarium species.