Scientific Name
Crossorhombus howensis  
Crossorhombus howensis霍文纓鮃
by: ©The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Author Hensley & Randall, 1993 Depth 1 - 400M
Chinese 霍文纓鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮃科 Economic Fish No 
Family F494 Bothidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 霍文纓鮃 
Max Length 13 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Comet's Hole in lagoon, Lord Howe I., 8 m 
Synonyms Crossorhombus kobensis   
Reference The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001);Fishbase(2003)  Hensley, D. A. etc. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0075153. ASIZP0075154. ASIZP0806629. ASIZP0806630. ASIZP0916629. ASIZP0916630. USNM00260394Paratype.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Lord Howe Island flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 85-88; anal-fin rays 64-69; pectoral-fin rays 11-12. Body depth 1.7 times in SL. Head and body on eyed side tan to grey with many small dark specks and spots. A series of dark spots very close to dorsal and ventral edges of body. About 4 or 5 spots along straight section of lateral line. Dorsal, anal, and caudal fin light with small dark specks. Flaps on eyes of males with dark spots. Blind side of females tan to whitish. Males with distinct bluish black V-shaped mark on blind side. Ventral arm of "V" wider than dorsal arm. Body ovoid, head small, snout shorter than eye, profile steep anterior to interorbital area. Males with a rostral spine and several small orbital spines. Both eyes on left side of head, front margin of upper eye over middle of lower eye. Flaps on posterior areas of eyes in males. Mouth small, reaching to below anterior margin of lower eye. Teeth of upper jaw biserial, teeth of outer row more widely spaced than teeth of inner row. Teeth in lower jaw uniserial. Gill rakers short. Scales on eyed side with long ctenii. Scales on blind side cycloid.
habitats Lives on silty sand bottoms and feeds on bottom-living animals. Only known from specimens collected from divers. Sexually dimorphic characters possibly develop at about 6-7 cm SL. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: Taiwan. Southwest Pacific: Lord Howe Island. Possibly occurring in the Western Central Pacific.  
Utility Rare species.