Scientific Name
Engyprosopon grandisquama  
Engyprosopon grandisquama偉鱗短額鮃
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) Depth 7 - 500M
Chinese 偉鱗短額鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鮃科 Economic Fish No 
Family F494 Bothidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 偉鱗短額鮃 
Max Length 15 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Arnoglossus grandisquama, Arnoglossus poecilurus, Arnoglossus spilurus, Bothus poecilurus, Engyprosopon grandiquama, Engyprosopon grandisquamis, Engyprosopon spiniceps, Engyroprosopon grandisquamis, Platophrys grandisquama, Platophrys poecilurus, Platophrys spiniceps, Pseudorhombus poecilurus, Rhomboidichthys grandisquama ...all 24..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001) 
Specimen List ASIZP0057310. ASIZP0058421. ASIZP0059046. ASIZP0062238. ASIZP0063540. ASIZP0080828. ASIZP0807564. ASIZP0917564. NMMBP05209. NMMBP05376. NMMBP05582. NMMBP08769. NMMBP08826. NMMBP08852. NMMSTP00739. NMNSF00504. NMNSF00523. NTMP0010. NTUM02486. NTUM02487. NTUM05411. NTUM05412. NTUM05558. NTUM05560. NTUM05561. NTUM05562. NTUM05567. NTUM05594.  
Common Name Spiny-head flounder; Warthog flounder; Largescale flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 80-93; anal-fin rays 60-70; pectoral-fin rays 10-11. A pair of jet-black blotches on caudal fin placed between 3rd and 4th rays counted from above and below respectively. Body deep, its depth more than 1/2 of SL. Pectoral fin short, equal to or less than head length. In male, body on blind side stained with dark-gray.
habitats Found on sandy and muddy areas of the continental shelf. Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, and other benthic animals. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: East Africa, throughout the Indian Ocean and Indo-Australian Archipelago south to Australia and New Caledonia, north to southern Japan. Taiwan: South, Penghu, North-East, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species. Marketed fresh and sometimes dried.