Scientific Name
Cynoglossus itinus  
Cynoglossus itinus單孔舌鰨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Snyder, 1909) Depth 10 - 100M
Chinese 單孔舌鰨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 舌鰨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F502 Cynoglossidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 單孔舌鰨 
Max Length 14 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 牛舌、龍舌、扁魚、皇帝魚、比目魚 
Distribution in World Japan to South China Sea   Distribution in Taiwan North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Okinawa 
Synonyms Cynoglossus punctatus, Trulla itina   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)  Snyder, J. O. 1909 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 
Specimen List ASIZP0057362. ASIZP0061703. ASIZP0062255. ASIZP0074341. ASIZP0078940. ASIZP0807591. ASIZP0900150. MTP0053. NTUM01623. NTUM01626. NTUM05106. NTUM05107. NTUM05108. NTUM05223. NTUM05456. NTUM05464. NTUM05471.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Tonguefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 100-115; anal-fin rays 79-88; caudal-fin rays 8-10. Lips on eyed side of head not fringed with labial papillae. Caudal fin with 8 or 9 rays; Three lateral lines on eyed side of body. One nostril on eyed side of head.
habitats Found in the sublittoral zone on sandy mud bottoms. Feeds on benethic animals. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: Japan to the South China Sea. Taiwan: North-East. 
Utility Commercial fishery species.