Scientific Name
Cynoglossus lida  
Cynoglossus lida利達舌鰨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1851) Depth 24 - 27M
Chinese 利達舌鰨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 舌鰨科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F502 Cynoglossidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 南洋舌鰨 
Max Length 21.3 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 牛舌、龍舌、扁魚、皇帝魚、比目魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Batavia, Java 
Synonyms Arelia lida, Arelia polytaenia, Cynoglossus intermedius, Cynoglossus os, Cynoglossus polytaenia, Plagusia lida, Plagusia polytaenia   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)  Bleeker, P. 1851 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 
Specimen List ASIZP0054577. ASIZP0055291. ASIZP0057360. ASIZP0062192. ASIZP0063543. ASIZP0064662. ASIZP0064702. ASIZP0064707. ASIZP0064724. ASIZP0064738. ASIZP0064884. ASIZP0079002. ASIZP0079086. ASIZP0079256. ASIZP0800431. ASIZP0800432. ASIZP0800433. ASIZP0800435. ASIZP0800436. ASIZP0800445. ASIZP0910431. ASIZP0910432. ASIZP0910433. ASIZP0910435. ASIZP0910436. ASIZP0910445. NMMBP02744. NMMBP04626. NMMSTP00830. NTUM05187. NTUM05188. NTUM05189. NTUM05191. NTUM05461. NTUM05462. NTUM05483. ...List all 36 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2008-03-25,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Roughscale tonguesole; Roughscale tonguefish; Shoulder spot tongue; Shoulder-spot tongue-sole; Tonguefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 100-110; anal-fin rays 76-86 ; Upper side of body brown with black specks; fins dusky; eyed side with 2 lateral lines, none on blind side.
habitats Found on the continental shelf over sandy muddy bottoms. Feeds on benethic animals. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Pakistan and India to the Malay Archipelago and the Philippines. Taiwan: South. 
Utility Commercial fishery species.