Scientific Name
Symphurus orientalis  
Symphurus orientalis東方無線鰨
by: Po-Feng Lee
Author (Bleeker, 1879) Depth 200 - 400M
Chinese 東方無線鰨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 舌鰨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F502 Cynoglossidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 東方無線鰨 
Max Length 10 cmSL   Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 牛舌、龍舌、扁魚、皇帝魚、比目魚 
Distribution in World Japan to East China Sea   Distribution in Taiwan South West、North East、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Tosa Bay, off Kochi, Japan, 300-400 meters 
Synonyms Aphoristia orientalis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)  Bleeker, P. 1879 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 Lee, M.-Y., T.A. Munroe, etc. 2013 
Specimen List ASIZP0058418. ASIZP0061040. ASIZP0061131. ASIZP0061460. ASIZP0061599. ASIZP0061674. ASIZP0062384. ASIZP0062385. ASIZP0063118. ASIZP0063542. ASIZP0065666. ASIZP0066767. ASIZP0066821. ASIZP0066881. ASIZP0066898. ASIZP0067115. ASIZP0067169. ASIZP0067175. ASIZP0067277. ASIZP0067635. ASIZP0067650. ASIZP0067651. ASIZP0067652. ASIZP0067653. ASIZP0067892. ASIZP0072340. ASIZP0072341. ASIZP0072342. ASIZP0072344. ASIZP0072345. ASIZP0072346. ASIZP0072347. ASIZP0072358. ASIZP0072359. ASIZP0072372. ASIZP0072373. ASIZP0072374. ...List all 96 records... 
Barcode2014-12-17,Mao-Ying Lee,CO1,100% 2014-12-17,Mao-Ying Lee,CO1,100% 2014-12-17,Mao-Ying Lee,CO1,100%
Common Name Tonguefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 86-100; anal-fin rays 74-86; caudal-fin rays 10-12. No lateral line on eyed side of body; mouth terminal, snout not hooked over mouth. Dorsal and anal fins with many regular and vertical black streaks.
habitats Found on mud and sand bottoms of the continental shelf to deep waters. Feeds predominantly on bottom-living invertebrates. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: Suruga Bay, Japan to the Yellow and East China seas. Taiwan: South, North, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species.