Scientific Name
Pseudorhombus cinnamoneus  
Pseudorhombus cinnamoneus檸檬斑鮃
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) Depth 20 - 164M
Chinese 檸檬斑鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牙鮃科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F492 Paralichthyidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 桂皮斑鮃 
Max Length 35 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚、肉瞇仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Pseudorhombus cinnamomeus, Pseudorhombus levisquamis, Pseudorhombus neglectus, Rhombus cinnamoneus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0062344. ASIZP0073969. ASIZP0078380. ASIZP0078414. ASIZP0080110. ASIZP0807151. ASIZP0807635. ASIZP0917151. ASIZP0917635. NMMBP04602. NMMBP04603. NMMSTP00750. NMMSTP01575. NTMP0064. NTUM01592. NTUM02480. NTUM05413. NTUM05460. RUSI35670. USNM00076659. USNM00076661. USNM00076663.  
Common Name Cinnamon flounder; Flatfish; Japanese tamper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 86-88; anal-fin rays 66-67; pectoral-fin rays 12. Body brownish, a distinct ocellus at junction of straight and curved parts of lateral line. Many dark rings scattered on body, many dark spots on median fins. A line connecting base of dorsal-fin ray and posterior nostril on eyed side passes behind posterior end of maxilla, or crosses its posterior part. Gill rakers moderately long and slender. Soft ray count of pectoral fin refers to that on ocular side.
habitats Inhabits mud and sand bottoms of shallow coasts or bays. Feeds on small benthic crustaceans and fishes. 
Distribution Western Pacific: South China Sea north to China and Japan; also from the Philippines. Taiwan: Hsiaoliuchiu, Penghu, North, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species. Also caught with small bottom trawls. Marketed mostly fresh.