Scientific Name
Pseudorhombus dupliciocellatus  
Pseudorhombus dupliciocellatus重點斑鮃
by: ChingYi Chen
Author Regan, 1905 Depth 50 - 150M
Chinese 重點斑鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牙鮃科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F492 Paralichthyidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 雙瞳斑鮃 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚、肉瞇仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Platophrys palad, Pseudorhombus cartwrighti, Pseudorhombus dupliocellatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Regan, C. T. 1905 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0064862. ASIZP0064896. ASIZP0064897. ASIZP0067537. ASIZP0073239. ASIZP0080477. ASIZP0800456. ASIZP0800457. ASIZP0800458. ASIZP0802724. ASIZP0805714. ASIZP0910456. ASIZP0910457. ASIZP0910458. ASIZP0912724. ASIZP0915714. NMMBP04407. NTUM05421.  
Barcode2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-10-25,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Ocellated flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 76; anal-fin rays 59; pectoral-fin rays 12. Body ovoid, its depth 2.2 to 2.4 times in standard length. Head length 3.4 to 3.7 times in standard length; upper profile of head strongly notched in front of upper eye; a line connecting base of first dorsal-fin ray and posterior nostril on eyed side crosses maxilla. Snout protruded, its length 1 to 1.3 times of eye diameter; eye diameter 4.3 to 5 times in head length. Maxilla extending to below or beyond middle of lower eye; teeth in both jaws small, without strong canines. Origin of dorsal fin in front of upper eye and posterior nostril on blind side; dorsal fin with 72 to 78 soft rays. Lateral line curved above pectoral fins. 1 or 2 pairs of distinct double ocelli above and below lateral line; many darker rings and spots scattered on body and median fins. Gill rakers palmate, as broad as long. Two to four large double ocelli on body.
habitats Inhabits shallow water on mud and sand bottoms of the continental shelf. Feeds on bottom-living small animals. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Nicobar Islands throughout most of the Indo-Australian Archipelago to southern Japan and northeast Australia. Taiwan: South, Penghu, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species. Marketed mostly fresh. Caught mainly with bottom trawls.