Scientific Name
Tephrinectes sinensis  
Tephrinectes sinensis花鮃
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1802) Depth 1 - 30M
Chinese 花鮃 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牙鮃科 Economic Fish No 
Family F492 Paralichthyidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 花鮃 
Max Length 13 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 扁魚、皇帝魚、半邊魚、比目魚 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal  Holotype Locality China 
Synonyms Paralichthys sinensis, Pleuronectes sinensis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)  Lacepede, B. G. E. 1802 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 Hoshino, K. etc. 1998 
Specimen List MTP0111. NMMBP05189. NMMBP05515. NMMBP05639. NTUM01590. NTUM02477.  
Common Name Large-tooth flounder 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 47-48; anal-fin rays 38; pectoral-fin rays12. Fin rays of dorsal and anal fins branched, scaleless, distances between their anterior fin rays much longer than those of their posterior fin rays; pectoral fins on both sides with branched rays; ventral fin with one simple and 5 branched rays; teeth on jaws pointed and multiseries; gill rakers short and broad; may enter in rivers.
habitats Inhabits deep waters on mud and sand bottoms of the continental shelf. Feeds on benthic animals. 
Distribution Western Pacific: China to Taiwan. Taiwan: Penghu, North, West. 
Utility Commercial fishery species. Marketed fresh and salt-dried.