Scientific Name
Pardachirus pavoninus  
Pardachirus pavoninus眼斑豹鰨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1802) Depth 2 - 40M
Chinese 眼斑豹鰨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F501 Soleidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 眼斑豹鰨 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 龍舌、鰨沙、比目魚、扁魚(臺東)、貼沙(澎湖)、鰨西(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality no locality 
Synonyms Achirus pavoninus, Aseraggodes ocellatus, Aseraggodes persimilis, Paradachirus pavonimus, Paradachirus pavoninus, Pardachirus parvonimus, Pardachirus povaninus, Pordachirus pavorinus, Solea persimilis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)  Lacepede, B. G. E. 1802 Ochiai, A. 1957 Ochiai, Akira 1957 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 李思忠, 王惠民 1995 
Specimen List ASIZP0060602. ASIZP0063671. ASIZP0064370. ASIZP0065031. ASIZP0066349. ASIZP0066477. ASIZP0070744. ASIZP0074675. ASIZP0074680. ASIZP0801441. ASIZP0911441. ASIZP0916954. FRIP20325. FRIP21097. NMMSTP00020. NTMP0025. NTUM07084. NTUM07104.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100%
Common Name Peacock sole 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays 70; anal-fin rays 53; caudal-fin rays 18. Eyes on right side. Dorsal and anal fins separate from caudal fin; pectoral fins absent; pelvic fins unequal, the right one with an elongated base and attached posteriorly to genital papilla. Series of toxic glands along the bases of dorsal and anal fin rays, their pores visible. Reddish brown, densely spotted on head; body and fins of ocular surface also with spots of various sizes and shapes, bordered by a dark rim and some with a blackish spot on center.
habitats Occurs on sand and mud bottoms of lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates, especially small crustaceans. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Samoa and Tonga, north to Japan, south to Onslow. Taiwan: South, Penghu, West. 
Utility Commercial aquarium species.