Scientific Name
Cociella crocodila  
Cociella crocodila點斑鱷牛尾魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 5 - 100M
Chinese 點斑鱷牛尾魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牛尾魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F313 Platycephalidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 點斑鱷鯒 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 正鱷牛尾魚、正鱷鯒、竹甲、狗祈仔、牛尾 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan 
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2006);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno, etc. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Crocodile flathead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with I-VII-VIII and 11 soft rays; anal fin with 11 soft rays; pectoral fin with 19-21 soft rays; lateral line scales 47-54; gill rakers 1 + 6-8. Teeth villiform or granular in a broad band on jaws, prevomer and palatines. Scales small and deciduous, anterior 3 or 4 scales in lateral line spined. Two or preopercular spines, the uppermost one especially prolonged into a bayonet-shape. Interopercular flap absent.
habitats Inhabit demersal marine environment, occur from near shore to 100 m depth, on sand or mud bottoms. Larvae and juveniles rarely enter mangrove areas, most especially the lower reaches. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. 
Utility Fished through all years, edible, palatable.