Scientific Name
Inegocia japonica  
Inegocia japonica日本眼眶牛尾魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Tilesius, 1812) Depth 5 - 100M
Chinese 日本眼眶牛尾魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牛尾魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F313 Platycephalidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 日本瞳鯒 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 竹甲、狗祈仔、牛尾 
Distribution in World Japan to East China Sea   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South West、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality No locality stated [probably Nagasaki, Japan, Western North Pacific] 
Synonyms Inegocia borboriensis, Inegocia isacanthus, Inegocia japonica, Inegocia japonicas, Inegocia japonicus, Platycephalus bataviensis, Platycephalus borbonensis, Platycephalus borbonicus, Platycephalus borboniensis, Platycephalus isacanthus, Platycephalus japonicus, Platycephalus japonicus, Silurus imberbis ...all 16..  
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Imamura, H. , M. Komada and T. Yoshino. 2006. Record of the flathead fishes (Perciformes: Platycephalidae) collected from Nha Trang, Vietnam. Coastal Marine Science v. 30 (no. 1): 293-300.  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno, etc. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056053. ASIZP0056066. ASIZP0056067. ASIZP0061963. ASIZP0062281. ASIZP0062282. ASIZP0062283. ASIZP0064122. ASIZP0066559. ASIZP0070501. ASIZP0070547. ASIZP0078320. ASIZP0080288. ASIZP0801815. ASIZP0807206. ASIZP0807422. ASIZP0900351. ASIZP0900437. ASIZP0911815. ASIZP0917206. ASIZP0917422. NMMBP02524. NMMBP02782. NMMBP02783. NMMBP04813. NMMBP04814. NMMBP08768. NMMBP08775. NMMSTP01589. NTMP0198. NTUM06847. RUSI28196. RUSI35753. USNM00192884.  
Barcode2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-04-06,Yung-Chieh,CO1,100%
Common Name Flathead; Japanese flathead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with I-VIII and 12 soft rays; anal fin with 12 soft rays; pectoral fin 19-21 soft rays; lateral line scales 49-54; gill rakers 1+5. Snout shorter, contained 3.2 to 3.6 times in head length. Scales deciduous: anterior 6 to 8 pored scales in lateral line spined. Preopercular spines 3, the uppermost one somewhat longer than the 2nd, the lowermost rudimentary. Suborbital ridge usually smooth except for two spines under eye. Interopercular flap present.
habitats Inhabit demersal marine environment, sand and mud bottoms of the continental shelf. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: widespread, from Sri Lanka and India north to southern Japan, Taiwan; south to the Philippines; South China Sea; Gulf of Thailand; Indonesia; Papua New Guinea; the Arafura Sea; Australia from Cockburn Sound, Western Australia to Moreton 
Utility Minor commercial food species, edible.