Scientific Name
Thysanophrys longirostris  
Thysanophrys longirostris長吻多棘牛尾魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Shao & Chen, 1987) Depth 5 - 100M
Chinese 長吻多棘牛尾魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 牛尾魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F313 Platycephalidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 長吻繸鯒 
Max Length 18.6 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 竹甲、狗祈仔、牛尾 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean [Endemic in Taiwan]   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Ta-shi [Daxi], northeastern Taiwan 
Synonyms Suggrundus longirostris   
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Knapp, L. W. 1999. Family Platycephalidae. In: Carpenter and Niem (ed). Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. v. 4: iii-v; 2069-2790;3. Shao, K. T. and J. P. Chen, 1987. Fishes of the family Platycephalidae (Teleostei: Platycephaloidei) of Taiwan with descriptions of two new species. Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sin. 26(1):77-94.  Shao, K.-T. etc. 1987 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056069Paratype. ASIZP0056070Holotype. ASIZP0061563. NMMBP06284. NTMP0444. USNM00303829Paratype.  
Common Name Flathead 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with I-VII spines and 11 soft rays; anal fin with 11-12 soft rays; pectoral fin with 18-20 soft rays; lateral line scales 54-56; gill rakers 1+5. Snout long; preopurcular 2 spines, dorsal spines and soft rays almost the same length; First spine of 1st dorsal fin shorter than the same genus. The longest dorsal spine contained 2.6 times in head length. The longest anal rays are 10th and 11th. Body with reddish brown and black band; pelvic fin reddish on the lower, scattered spot on the upper.
habitats Inhabit demersal marine environment, attains 18.6 cm TL. Other ecological behaviour is unclear. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: Taiwan and Thailand. 
Utility Minor commercial food species.