Scientific Name
Pterois volitans  
Pterois volitans魔鬼簑鮋
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Linnaeus, 1758) Depth 1 - 30M
Chinese 魔鬼簑鮋 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鮋科 Economic Fish No 
Family F304 Scorpaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 翱翔蓑鮋 
Max Length 38 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 獅子魚、長獅、魔鬼、國公、石狗敢、虎魚、雞公、紅虎、火烘、石頭魚 
Distribution in World Middle West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos  Holotype Locality Ambon Island, Moluccas Islands, Indonesia 
Synonyms Gasterosteus volitans, Pterois lunulata   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Paul R. Saunders etc. 1959 Smith, M. M. etc. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056916. ASIZP0059366. ASIZP0059748. ASIZP0060557. ASIZP0063424. ASIZP0063660. ASIZP0080242. ASIZP0080445. ASIZP0901261. FRIP20323. FRIP21012. NMMBP02149. NMMBP04534. NMMBP04966. NMMSTP00418. NMNSF00130. NTMP0478. NTMP0652. NTUM03448. NTUM03451. NTUM03452. NTUM03453. NTUM03454. NTUM03455. NTUM03456. NTUM03457. NTUM03780. NTUM08389. NTUM08390. NTUM08392. NTUM08394. NTUM08396. USNM00265839.  
Common Name Scorpion volitans; Peacock lionfish; Red firefish; Ornate butterfly-cod; Red lionfish; Turkey fish; Turkeyfish; Butterfly cod; Lion fish; Lionfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XIII spines and 10-11 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 6-7 soft rays. Scales cycloid. Variable in color, usually in relation to habitat. Coastal species generally darker, sometimes almost black in estuaries. Often with large tentacles above eyes.
habitats Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs from turbid inshore areas to depths of 50 m. Hides in unexposed places at daytime often with head down and practically immobile. Pelagic juveniles expatriate over great distances and the reason for their broad geographica 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: western Australia and Malaysia to the Marquesan Islands and Oeno (Pitcairn group) and Taiwan; north to southern Japan and southern Korea; south to Lord Howe, Kermadec, and Austral Islands; throughout Micronesia. Also known from Inhaca Island 
Utility Not commercial market food species, edible, palatable, a popular table fish. Common aquarium species.