Scientific Name
Scorpaenopsis diabolus  
Scorpaenopsis diabolus毒擬鮋
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 1 - 70M
Chinese 毒擬鮋 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鮋科 Economic Fish No 
Family F304 Scorpaenidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 毒擬鮋 
Max Length 30 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 石獅子、虎魚、石崇、石狗公、沙薑虎、石降、過溝仔、臭頭格仔、石頭魚、硓[石古]魚、沙薑鱠仔(澎湖)、駝背石狗公 
Distribution in World   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral  Holotype Locality Mer du Croisic [northern Bay of Biscay, eastern Atlantic; erroneous, is Indo-West Pacific] 
Synonyms Scorpaena diabolis, Scorpaena diabolus, Scorpaenopsis catocala, Scorpaenopsis diabola, Scorpaenopsis diabolis, Scorpaenopsis gibbosa   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0057324. ASIZP0057371. ASIZP0057381. ASIZP0057732. ASIZP0059167. ASIZP0059470. ASIZP0807645. ASIZP0917645. FRIP21201. FRIP21684. NMMBP00727. NMMBP01255. NMMBP05508. NMMSTP00564. NTOUP200711-031. NTUM06109. NTUM08400. RUSI35618. RUSI35702. USNM00266217. USNM00266220. USNM00266237. USNM00266239.  
Common Name Devil scorpionfish; False stonefish; False scorpionfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XII spines and 8-10 soft rays; anal fin III spines 5-6 soft rays. Pectoral fin rays usually 18; back arched; with about 45 vertical scale rows; lachrymal bone with 2 or 3 spines over maxillary, first points forward, followed by 1 or by 2 close-set spines which point down and back; suborbital ridge with 4 or more spinous points, usually more than 8 or 10 points, not in a row and of various sizes; a shallow pit below front corner of eye. Colorful inside the pectoral fins, used for display.
habitats Inhabits reef-associated marine enviornment, depth 1-70m. Relatively an uncommon inhabitant of rubble or weedy coralline-rock bottoms of reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs. Flashes its inner pectoral fins when disturbed. Can inflict a painful injury  
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands and islands of French Polynesia; north to southern Japan; south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Throughout Micronesia. 
Utility Not commercial food species, edible.