Scientific Name
Synanceia verrucosa  
Synanceia verrucosa玫瑰毒鮋
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Depth 3 - 40M
Chinese 玫瑰毒鮋 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鮋科 Economic Fish No 
Family F304 Scorpaenidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 玫瑰毒鮋 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 腫瘤毒鮋、虎魚、石頭魚、拗豬頭、合笑、沙薑鱠仔、石頭魚 
Distribution in World   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral  Holotype Locality India [India, Indian Ocean] 
Synonyms Scorpaena brachion, Synaceia verrucosa, Synanceia brachio, Synanceia horrida, Synanceichthys verrucosa, Synanceichthys verrucosus, Synanceja verrucosa, Synancejia verrucosa, Synancia verrucosa, Synancidium horridum   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno, etc. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054264. ASIZP0054345. ASIZP0056907. ASIZP0058269. ASIZP0059730. ASIZP0059731. ASIZP0059732. ASIZP0060012. ASIZP0060561. ASIZP0063520. ASIZP0063563. ASIZP0064622. ASIZP0070316. ASIZP0079338. ASIZP0916822. FRIP20547. FRIP21287. FRIP21839. FRIP22373. NMMBP03252. NMMBP04206. NMMBP05550. NTMP0770. NTUM02193. NTUM04337. RUSI34967. USNM00278151.  
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Reef stonefish; Stone fish; Stonefish; Dornorn 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal fin with XII-XIV(XIII) spines and 5-7(6) soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 5-6(5) soft rays; pectoral fin with 18-19(18) soft rays; pelvic fin with I spine and 5 soft rays. Eye directed dorsally. Mouth distinctly oblique to almost vertical. Distinct warts all over body. Color of body variable. Colors matching surroundings and extremely well-camouflaged. Venom of dorsal spines fatal. Pelvic and anal fins spines are similarly developed. 12-14 stout grooved spines, each with a large venom sack at its base.
habitats Inhabits reef-associated marine environment, depth -30m. Most widespread stonefish. Found on sandy or rubble areas of reef flats and shallow lagoons and in small pools during low tide well camouflaged among the substrate and sometimes even covered with al 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Queensland, Australia. 
Utility Not commercial food species. Uncommon in markets. In Hong Kong live fish markets. Aquarium species.