Scientific Name
Rondeletia loricata  
Rondeletia loricata網肩紅口仿鯨
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Abe & Hotta, 1963 Depth 100 - 1130M
Chinese 網肩紅口仿鯨 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 紅口仿鯨科 Economic Fish No 
Family F271 Rondeletiidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 網肩龍氏鯨頭魚 
Max Length 11 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 紅口仿鯨、鯨頭魚 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Off Kesen-numa, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan [Western North Pacific], depth 750 meters 
Synonyms Rondeletia bicolor   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Abe, T. etc. 1963 Tominaga, Y. etc. 1972 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 A. H. Kо etc. 1996 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0061771. ASIZP0061784. ASIZP0064211. ASIZP0900187. ASIZP0900197. ASIZP0901306.  
Common Name Red-mouth whalefish; Redmouth whalefish; Armored redmouth whalefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body flabby, somewhat whaleshaped with median fins opposite and far posterior. Head large; mucous cavities on top of head indistinct, covered by thick skin. Eyes small. Snout very long; nasal organ moderately developed. Mouth large, upper jaw not extending beyond anterior margin of eye. Teeth small and closely set, on jaws and vomer; palatine, ectopterygoid, and copula lacking teeth. Gill rakers well developed, lath-like. Fins without spines; 1 dorsal fin with 14 to 16 soft rays; anal fin with 13 to 15 soft rays; pectoral fins with 10 or 11 rays; pelvic fins abdominal with 5 soft rays; caudal fin with 19 principal rays. Lateral line as vertical rows of papillae without supporting internal scales. No external body scales. No photophores or luminous tissue. No cavernous tissue. Pleural ribs present. Total vertebrae 25 or 26. Colour in life, orange-brown, inside mouth and gill cavities red-orange; in preservative, brown.
habitats Diurnal depths from 750 m, migrating to 100 m at night. Feeds on amphipod and crustacean remains. 
Distribution Worldwide in tropical to temperate seas. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial value.