Scientific Name
Grammicolepis brachiusculus  
Grammicolepis brachiusculus斑線菱鯛
by: ©National Museum of Marine Science and Techonology
Author Poey, 1873 Depth 400 - 800M
Chinese 斑線菱鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 線菱鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F287 Grammicolepididae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 斑線菱鯛 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 斑菱的鯛、線鱗鯛 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos  Holotype Locality Havana, Cuba [Gulf of Mexico, Western Atlantic] 
Synonyms Daramattus americanus, Daramattus armatus, Daramattus barnardi, Grammocolepis brachiosculus, Vesposus egregius, Xenolepidichthys americanus   
Reference Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0059352. ASIZP0072325. ASIZP0805243. ASIZP0915077. FRIP00015. FRIP00499. NMMSTP00903.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Thorny tinsefish; Grammicolepidid 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oblong in adults, diamond-shaped in juveniles, and strongly compressed, its depth much greater than head length. Mouth small; maxilla ridged, bound to ascending processes of premaxillae, loosely connected to palatines; jaws with 1 or 2 rows of small, slender teeth. Gill rakers rudimentary. Sides of Body, bases of dorsal and anal fins with small spiny bony plates in juveniles less than 19cm SL. Dorsal fin with VI slender spines and 33 to 34 unbranched soft rays; anal fin with II or III spines and 33 to 38 unbranched soft rays; the first 2 spines of dorsal and anal fins serrated and produced into a filament in juveniles, but rudimentary in adults; caudal fin forked, upper lobe longer than lower; pelvic fins with I spine and 6 branched soft rays. Vertebrae 43. Colour in adults uniformly silvery; juveniles with irregular black blotches on body, black spots on caudal fin, and 5 black bars on anal fin.
habitats Found in deep midwater or near bottom about 500 m. Apparently rare, no information available on biology. 
Distribution Eastern Atlantic: Spain to the Gulf of Guinea and southward to Durban, South Africa. Western Atlantic: Georges Bank to off Suriname. North Pacific: Japan and Hawaii. It is very rare and only found in southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility No commercial value.