Scientific Name
Xenolepidichthys dalgleishi  
Xenolepidichthys dalgleishi異菱的鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Gilchrist, 1922 Depth 200 - 885M
Chinese 異菱的鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 線菱鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F287 Grammicolepididae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 幾內亞灣異菱的鯛 
Max Length 15 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 菱的鯛 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos  Holotype Locality Off South Africa, 29°57'S, 31°14'E; 29°43'S, 31°22'E; 29°48'S, 31°22'E, depth 70-226 fathoms 
Synonyms Grammicolepis brachiusculus, Grammicolepis squamilineatus, Xenodermichthys dalgleishi, Xenolepichthys dalgleishi, Xenolepidichthis dalgleishi, Xenolepidichthys dagleishi   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0066347. FRIP01206. NMMSTP00904. NTUM05381.  
Common Name Spotted tinselfish; Tinselfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body deep, diamond-shaped, and strongly compressed, its depth much greater than head length; dorsal contour of head above eye concave. Mouth small; maxilla ridged, bound to ascending processes of premaxillae, loosely connected to palatines; jaws with 1 or 2 rows of small, slender teeth. Gill rakers rudimentary. Sides of Body, bases of dorsal and anal fins without small spiny bony plates in juveniles or adults. Dorsal fin with VI to VI slender spines and 28 to 31 unbranched soft rays; anal fin with II spines and 27 to 29 unbranched soft rays; first dorsal spine minute, 2nd the longest; 1st anal spine markedly long, subequal to orbit; caudal fin slightly forked; pelvic fins with I spine and 6 branched soft rays. Body silvery, with round black spots; anterior pelvic rays and end of caudal fin black.
habitats Found in deep water. Apparently rare, no information available on biology. 
Distribution Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea, off Senegal, and off South Africa; reported from Namibia. Western Atlantic: Virginia, USA to northern South America. Western Pacific: Japan, Philippines, New Caledonia, between Fiji and Tonga Islands, Australia, New Zeala 
Utility No commercial value.