Scientific Name
Zeus faber  
Zeus faber日本的鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Linnaeus, 1758 Depth 40 - 200M
Chinese 日本的鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 的鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F288 Zeidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 遠東海魴 
Max Length 90 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 豆的鯛、馬頭鯛、海魴、鏡鯧、多利魚 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Seas of Europe 
Synonyms Zeus australis, Zeus faber mauritanicus, Zeus japonicus, Zeus pungio, Zeuss japonicus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2004);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054560. ASIZP0059987. ASIZP0060915. ASIZP0060949. ASIZP0061012. ASIZP0061086. ASIZP0061140. ASIZP0061158. ASIZP0061207. ASIZP0061217. ASIZP0061496. ASIZP0064147. ASIZP0064310. ASIZP0065973. ASIZP0065978. ASIZP0065984. ASIZP0070452. ASIZP0070658. ASIZP0074977. ASIZP0700122. ASIZP0800638. ASIZP0800639. ASIZP0800640. ASIZP0901337. ASIZP0910638. ASIZP0910639. ASIZP0910640. FRIP01219. FRIP01224. FRIP01225. FRIP03073. FRIP22330. NMMBP01169. NMMBP06406. NMMBP06407. NMMBP06408. NMMSTP00319. ...List all 46 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name St. Peter's fish; Doree; Atlantic John dory; Dory; John dory; Gallocristo; Girti 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body ovoidand strongly compressed. Upper end of pectoral-fin base well below lower margin of eye. Mouth large, vertical, highly protrusible. Teeth on jaws small; no teeth on palatine. Gill rakers rudimentary low knobs. A single dorsal fin, with X spines and 22 or 23 soft rays; anal-fin spine IV, movable, and with 21 to 23 soft rays; caudal fin round; pectoral fins much shorter than head, with 13 rays; pelvic fin extending beyond vent, with I spine and 6 or 7 soft rays. Scales on body larger and densely distributed posteriorly; cheek scaly. With plate-like scutes on dorsal and ventral ridge of body. Body uniformly silvery, a large, white-rimmed, black ocellus on middle of side.
habitats Found in areas close to the sea bed. Generally solitary. Feeds mainly on schooling bony fishes, occasionally on cephalopods and crustaceans. Reproduction takes place at the end of winter and at the start of spring in the northeastern Atlantic, earlier in  
Distribution Worldwide in distribution. Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, also the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Pacific: Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand. Also known from the Indian Ocean. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part. 
Utility An excellent food fish. Marketed fresh and frozen. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked.