Scientific Name
Carcharhinus longimanus  
Carcharhinus longimanus長鰭真鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Poey, 1861) Depth 0 - 150M
Chinese 長鰭真鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 真鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F029 Carcharhinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 長鰭真鯊 
Max Length 400 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大沙、污斑白眼鮫、花鯊 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Ocean、Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Cuba, Western Atlantic 
Synonyms Carcharhinus maou, Carcharias insularum, Carcharias longimanus, Carcharias obtusus, Carcharinus longimanus, Pterolamiops budkeri, Pterolamiops longimanus, Pterolamiops magnipinnis, Squalus longimanus, Squalus maou   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Springer, S. 1950 Hubbs, C.L. 1951 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0802119. ASIZP0912119.  
Barcode2016-01-27,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Nigano shark; Oceanic white-tip shark; Oceanic whitetip shark; Shark; Whitetip; White-tip shark; Whitetip whaler; Whitetip shark; Brown shark; Brown Milbert's sand bar shark 
Redlist Status LR/nt IUCN Redlist: Lower Risk/near threatened(LR/nt)  2000-06-30  CITES Appendix 2 CITES Appendix 2 
Characteristic A large, stocky shark species. Snout short and broadly rounded. Eyes small, its length 0.9-2.5% of total length. Gill slits moderately long, length of 3rd 3.1-4.1% of total length and less than a third of 1st dorsal base. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 13-14/13-15. Upper teeth with very broad, triangular, strongly serrated cusps that merge into crown feet with slightly coarser serrations but no cusplets. Lower teeth with erect to slightly oblique, stout serrated cusps and transverse or moderately arched roots. Interdorsal ridge usually present. First dorsal fin very large and distally expanded, with a broadly rounded apex. Origin of 1st dorsal fin just anterior to the pectoral free rear tips. Inner margin of 1st dorsal fin moderately long, about half dorsal base. Second dorsal fin large and high, its length 2.7-3.9% of total length, its inner margin short and 1-1.1 times its height. Origin of 2nd dorsal over or slightly anterior to anal origin. Pectoral fin very large and elongated, with broadly rounded apices, length of anterior margins about 19-29% of total length. Number of total vertebral centra 228-244, precaudal centra 123-131. Colour grey-bronze above, white below. White mottling usually present on fins, particularly pectorals, 1st dorsal, pelvics, and caudal tips.
habitats A very common, oceanic-epipelagic, tropical and warmtemperate shark, usually found far offshore in the open sea. This is a slow-moving but quite active shark species. It often cruises slowly at or near the surface with its huge pectoral fins outspread. Vi 
Distribution This species primarily distributed in tropical and warm-temperate oceanic maters including Atlantic ocean, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Pacific Ocean. 
Utility This species is regularly caught with pelagic longlines. It is utilized fresh, smoked and dried salted for human consumption, hides for leather, fins for shark-fin soup, liver for vitamins.