Scientific Name
Carcharhinus melanopterus  
Carcharhinus melanopterus汙翅真鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Depth 0 - 75M
Chinese 汙翅真鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 真鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F029 Carcharhinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 烏翅真鯊 
Max Length 200 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大沙、污翅白眼鮫 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality [Waigiou] Pulau Waigeo, Papua Barat, Indonesia, western Pacific 
Synonyms Carcharhinus melanoptures, Carcharias commersoni, Carcharias elegans, Carcharias marianensis, Carcharias melanopterus, Carcharias playfairii, Carcharinus melanoptera, Carcharinus melanopterus, Hypoprion playfairi, Mapolamia spallanzanii, Squalus carcharias minor, Squalus commersonii, Squalus ustus ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Randall, J. E. etc. 1973 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0054551. FRIP20514.  
Common Name Shark; Requien shark; Reef blacktip shark; Black-tip reef shark; Blacktip shark; Black tip reef shark; Blacktip reef shark; Blacktip reefshark; Black finned shark; Black tips nilow; Blackfin reef shark; Guliman 
Redlist Status LR/nt IUCN Redlist: Lower Risk/near threatened(LR/nt)  2000-06-30   
Characteristic A moderately-sized, fairly stocky species. Eyes fairly large, its length 2-3% of total length. Gill slits moderately-sized, length of the 3rd 2.6-4.2% of total length and less than a third of the 1st dorsal base. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 11-13/10-12. upper teeth with narrow, strongly serrated, high cusps, and crown feet with coarse serrations and cusplets. Lower teeth with erect to oblique narrow serrated cusps and transverse roots. Interdorsal ridge absent. First dorsal fin large, with a rounded apex. Origin of 1st dorsal fin usually over pectoral free rear tips. Inner margin of 1st dorsal fin slightly more or less than half dorsal base. Second dorsal fin large and high, its height 3.4-4.1% of total length, its inner margin short and 0.8-1.1 times its height. Origin of 2nd dorsal fin over anal origin. Length of pectoral fin anterior margins about 18-19% of total length. Total vertebral centra 193-214, precaudal centra 111-122. Colour light brown above, white below. First dorsal fin and ventral caudal lobe with a conspicuous black apical blotch. A conspicuous white band on flank.
habitats This is a common, wideranging tropical Indo-Pacific shark. This species is an active, strong-swimming shark, found near the bottom and midwater in deeper water. Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta, number of young 2-4, usually 4. gestation period estimat 
Distribution Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Indian Ocean including South Africa, Mauritius, Seychelles, and Madagascar to Red Sea, the Gulf, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman, and Maldive Islands. Western Pacific from Thailand to China, including Japan, Taiwan, The Phil 
Utility Apparently regularly caught in fisheries where the common inshore shark occurs. The details of its utilization and gear used are limited.