Scientific Name
Carcharhinus plumbeus  
Carcharhinus plumbeus鉛灰真鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Nardo, 1827) Depth 1 - 1800M
Chinese 鉛灰真鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 真鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F029 Carcharhinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鉛灰真鯊 
Max Length 250 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大沙、高鰭白眼鮫、黑鯊 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coral、Benthos、
Holotype Locality Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea).  
Synonyms Carcharhinus bleekeri, Carcharhinus japonicus, Carcharhinus milberti, Carcharhinus platyodon, Carcharias ceruleus, Carcharias japonicus, Carcharias latistomus, Carcharias milberti, Carcharias obtusirostris, Carcharias stevensi, Carcharinus latistomus, Carcharinus plumbeus, Eulamia milberti ...all 18..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Taniuchi, T. 1971 Schwartz, F. J. 1973 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Jensen, C. etc. 1994 Joung, S. J. etc. 1995 Joung, S. J. etc. 1995 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0806223. ASIZP0806224. ASIZP0916223. ASIZP0916224.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Shark; Sandbar shark; Queriman shark; Thickskin shark; Brown shark; Sandbar shark 
Redlist Status LR/nt IUCN Redlist: Lower Risk/near threatened(LR/nt)  2000-06-30   
Characteristic A medium sized, fairly stock species. Snout short and broadly rounded. Eyes moderately large, its length 1.7-2.9% of total length. Gill slits short, length of the 3rd 2.4-3.6% of total length and less than a third of 1st dorsal fin base. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 14-15/12-15. upper teeth with broadly triangular, strongly serrated cusps, merging smoothly into crown feet with slightly coarser serrations but no cusplets. Lower teeth with erect, narrow serrated cusps and transverse roots. Interdorsal ridge present. First dorsal fin very large, with a pointed or narrowly rounded apex. Origin of 1st dorsal fin over or slightly anterior to pectoral insertions. Inner margin of 1st dorsal fin moderately long, 2/5 of dorsal fin base, or slightly less. Second dorsal fin moderately high, its height 2.1-3.5% of total length. Origin of 2nd dorsal fin over or slightly anterior to anal origin. Pectoral fin large, with a narrowly rounded or pointed apices. Number of total vertebral centra 152-189, precaudal centra 82-97. Colour grey-brown above, white below. Tips and posterior edges of fins are often dusky, but no conspicuous markings.
habitats An abundant, inshore and offshore, coastal-pelagic shark. This species has an annual migration cycle along the western North Atlantic seaboard of the United States. Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta. Litter size 1-14, with 5-15 common. Litter size vari 
Distribution Western Atlantic including southern Massachusetts to Florida, northern and western Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Venezuela, southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic including Mediterranean Sea, Portugal, Morocco, Senegal, Cape Verde Islan 
Utility This is an abundant inshore and offshore species. It is caught with longlines, hook-and-line, and set bottom nets. It is utilized fresh, fresh-frozen, smoked and dried salted for human consumption. Hides used for leather, fins for shark-fin soup, liver oi