Scientific Name
Galeocerdo cuvier  
Galeocerdo cuvier鼬鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Péron & Lesueur, 1822) Depth 0 - 350M
Chinese 鼬鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 真鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F029 Carcharhinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鼬鯊 
Max Length 750 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 虎沙、鼬鮫、爛沙(臺東)、鳥鯊(澎湖) 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North East 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Northwestern coast of Australia, eastern Indian Ocean 
Synonyms Carcharias fasciatus, Carcharias hemprichii, Galeocerda cuvier, Galeocerdo arcticus, Galeocerdo cuvieri, Galeocerdo fasciatus, Galeocerdo obtusus, Galeocerdo rayneri, Galeocerdo tigrinus, Galeus cepedianus, Galeus maculatus, Squalus arcticus, Squalus cuvier ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Ebbesson S.O.E. etc. 1967 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Schwartz, F.J. 1994 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0060903. ASIZP0802563. ASIZP0806238. ASIZP0806239. ASIZP0912563. ASIZP0916238. ASIZP0916239. FRIP20230.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Spotted shark; Tiger shark; Leopard shark; Maneater shark 
Redlist Status LR/nt IUCN Redlist: Lower Risk/near threatened(LR/nt)  2000-06-30   
Characteristic A big-headed, very short and blunt-snouted, large-monthed requiem skark. Head broad and flat. Eyes fairly large, without posterior notches. Teeth similar in upper and lower jaws, of characteristic cockscomb shape, with heavy, bent, oblique cusps, strong distal cusplets and prominent serrations but no blades. Cusps of lower teeth not prominently protruding when mouth is closed. 18-26/18-25 rows of teeth. Interdorsal ridge present. Caudal peduncle with low but prominent dermal keels. Upper precaudal pit transverse and crescentic. First dorsal origin above pectoral insertions or inner margins, its midbase closer to pectoral bases than to pelvics, and free rear tip well in front of pelvic fins. Second dorsal origin slightly anterior to anal origin. Pectoral length from origin to free rear tip about 3/5-2/3 of their anterior margins. Anal fin about as large as 2nd dorsal fin. Colour grey with a unique colour pattern of black spots and vertical bars on dorsal surface of body, bold in young but fading out in adults.
habitats A common,wide-ranging coastal-pelagic tropical and warm-temperate shark, with a wide tolerance for different marine habitats. The tiger shark is an active, strong-swimming shark, ordinarily seen cruising slowly with a sinuous motion that has been describe 
Distribution Western Atlantic including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean islands. Eastern North Atlantic including Iceland, UK, Morocco, Canary Islands, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Ghana. Indo-West Pacific from south Africa north to the Red Sea and east to Pakista 
Utility The tiger shark is commonly caught in coastal and offshore fisheries with longline, hook-and-line, and fixed bottom. It flesh id utilized fresh, fresh frozen, dried salted and smoked for human consumption, hide used for leather, fins for shark fin soup.