Scientific Name
Mustelus manazo  
Mustelus manazo星貂鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bleeker, 1854 Depth 1 - 360M
Chinese 星貂鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 皺唇鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F027 Triakidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 白斑星鯊 
Max Length 220 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 花點母、沙條、平滑鮫 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nagasaki, Japan, Northwestern Indian Ocean 
Synonyms Mustelus monazo   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0055021. ASIZP0061174. ASIZP0061407. ASIZP0073500. ASIZP0073501. ASIZP0073502. ASIZP0073503. ASIZP0076192. ASIZP0800934. ASIZP0800935. ASIZP0800936. ASIZP0807104. ASIZP0910934. ASIZP0910935. ASIZP0910936. ASIZP0916049. ASIZP0916050. ASIZP0916051. ASIZP0916052. ASIZP0917104. FRIP01268. NTMP0646. NTMP1267. NTMP1384. NTUM00002Paratype. NTUM00003Paratype. NTUM00004Paratype. NTUM08227. USNM00191194.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2016-01-27,HAN-YANG,CO1,100%
Common Name Spotted shark; Star-spotted gummy shark; Starsoptted smooth-hound; Starspotted smooth-hound; Star-spotted smooth hound; Star-spotted shark; Japanese smooth hound; Gummy dogfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic A moderate-sized, slender, white-spotted Mustelus species. Length of prepectoral 17-21% of total length. Length of preoral snout 5.7-7.5% of total length. Eyes large, horizontal length 1.7-2.5 times in preorbital snout length and 2.4-4.1% of total length. Teeth molariform and asymmetric, with cusp reduced to a low point. 1st dorsal fin broadly triangular, its midbase closer to pelvic bases than to pectorals. Length of pectoral fins of anterior margins 11-15% of total length, width of posterior margins 7.5-14% of total length. Length of anterior margin of pelvic fin 5.4-8.2% of total length. Anal caudal space greater than 2nd dorsal height, and 6.5-9% of total length. Number of precaudal centra 71-91. Colour uniform grey or grey-brown above, light below, usually with numerous white spots but no dark spots or dark bars. Distribution: Literature:
habitats An wide-ranging temperate and tropical bottom dwelling shark of continental waters. Ovoviviparous species, without a yolk-sac placenta. Number of embryos 1-22, average about 5, increasing markedly with size of mother. Gestation period about 10 months. Len 
Distribution Distributed in coastal and inshore of western north Pacific Ocean and western Indian Ocean. 
Utility An important economic species off Japan and Taiwan, fished with longline and bottom trawlers; flesh utilized for human consumption.