Scientific Name
Alopias superciliosus  
Alopias superciliosus深海狐鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lowe, 1841) Depth 0 - 500M
Chinese 深海狐鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 狐鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F020 Alopiidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大眼長尾鯊 
Max Length 488 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 長尾沙、三娘鯊、深海狐鮫、沙娘仔、大眼長尾鯊、大目午仔 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、North East、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Madeira, Northeastern Atlantic 
Synonyms Alopecias superciliosus, Alopias pelagicus, Alopias profundus, Alopias superciliousus, Alopias vulpinus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Lowe, R. T. 1841 Steven Branstetter etc. 1983 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Chen, C.-T., K.-M. Liu etc. 1997 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0805912. ASIZP0806214. ASIZP0806215. ASIZP0806216. ASIZP0915912. ASIZP0916214. ASIZP0916215. ASIZP0916216. FRIP20380. FRIP20507. NMMBP04780. NMMBP04781.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Thresher shark; Whiptail; Big-eye shark; Big eye thresher shark; Bigeye thresher; Bigeye thresher shark; Long-tailed shark 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body cylindrical, massive before first dorsal fin. Caudal fin dorsal lobe extremely long nearly as long as rest of shark. Eyes moderately large in adults, very large only in newborn and fetuses. Orbit expand onto dorsal surface of head. Dorsal profile of head indented and forehead weakly convex in lateral view. Each side of the head above gills possess a deep horizontal groove. Pectoral fins falcate with broad apices. Terminal lobe of caudal fin moderately large. White colour of abdomen not extending over pectoral fin bases.
habitats This species usually found in coastal waters over the continental shelves, sometimes close inshore in shallow waters. Ovoviviparous, Litter size 2-4, but usually 2. Maximum total length about 461 cm. Size at birth estimated to be about 64-106 cm. 
Distribution Western Atlantic including New York to Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Venezuela, and southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic including Portugal, Madeira, Senegal, Guinea to Sierra Leone, Angola. Mediterranean Sea. Western Indian Ocean including South Africa, Madagasca 
Utility This species usually caught with longlines and gill net. Flesh utilized as fresh for human consumption, its liver oil is processed for vitamins, its skin for leather, and fins for shark-fin soup.