Scientific Name
Alopias vulpinus  
Alopias vulpinus狐鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bonnaterre, 1788) Depth 0 - 550M
Chinese 狐鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 狐鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F020 Alopiidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 弧形長尾鯊 
Max Length 760 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 長尾沙、狐鮫、沙娘仔 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North East 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Mediterranean Sea; Cornwall, England, Northeastern Atlantic 
Synonyms Alopecias barrae, Alopecias chilensis, Alopecias longimana, Alopecias vulpes, Alopias caudatus, Alopias greyi, Alopias macrourus, Alopias pelagicus, Alopias superciliosus, Alopias vulpes, Carcharias vulpes, Galeus vulpecula, Squalus alopecias ...all 17..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Steven Branstetter etc. 1983 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Chen, C.-T., K.-M. Liu etc. 1997 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List FRIP00034.  
Common Name Slasher; Sea fox; Swivetail; Thintail thresher; Zorro thresher shark; Thresher shark; Swingletail; Whip-tailed shark; Swiveltail; Thrasher; Common thresher; Big-eye thresher; Grayfish; Fox shark 
Redlist Status DD IUCN Redlist: Data deficient(DD)  2002-01-01   
Characteristic Body cylindrical, massive before first dorsal fin. Caudal fin dorsal lobe extremely long nearly as long as rest of shark. Eyes moderately large at all sizes. Orbit not expand onto dorsal surface of head. Dorsal profile of head convex and forehead strongly convex in lateral view. Horizontal groove absent from each side of the head. Pectoral fins falcate and narrow-tipped. Terminal lobe of caudal fin moderately large. White colour of abdomen extending over pectoral fin bases as a conspicuous patch.
habitats This species usually found in coastal waters over the continental and insular shelves. Ovoviviparous, Litter size 2-4, but usually 2. Maximum total length 549 cm. Size at birth estimated to be about 114-150 cm. 
Distribution Western Atlantic including Newfoundland to Cuba, Gulf of Mexico, Venezuela, Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic including Norway and British Isles to Mediterranean, Morocco, Ghana and Ivory Coast, also Cape Province, South Africa. Indo-West Pacific inc 
Utility This species usually caught with longlines and gill net. Flesh utilized as fresh for human consumption, its liver oil is processed for vitamins, its skin for leather, and fins for shark-fin soup.