Scientific Name
Cetorhinus maximus  
Cetorhinus maximus象鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Gunnerus, 1765) Depth 0 - 570M
Chinese 象鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 象鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F021 Cetorhinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 姥鯊 
Max Length 980 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 象沙、象鮫 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan North、North East 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Nordland County, northern Norway, Northeastern Atlantic 
Synonyms Cetorhinus blainvillei, Cetorhinus maccoyi, Cetorhinus maximus f. infanuncula, Cetorhinus maximus infanuncula, Cetorhinus maximus normani, Cetorhinus normani, Cetorhinus rostratus, Halsydrus maccoyi, Halsydrus maximus, Halsydrus pontoppidiani, Hannovera aurata, Polyprosopus macer, Scoliophis atlanticus ...all 34..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Si, T. 1933 F.G.WOOD 1957 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Last, P.R. etc. 1994 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0802489. ASIZP0912489.  
Barcode2015-12-01,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Shark; Sun-fish; Basking shark; Bone shark; Hoe-mother; Elephant shark; Basking shark; Basking shark 
Redlist Status EN IUCN Redlist: Endangered(EN) A1ad 2000-06-30  CITES Appendix 2 CITES Appendix 2 
Characteristic Size great, head much shorter than trunk, snout pointed and conical. Length of eyes 0.8-1.3% of precaudal length. Gill opening extremely large, width of 1st 17.7-29.2% of precaudal length, extending onto the dorsal and ventral surfaces of head. Trunk fusiform and moderately stout. Caudal peduncle depressed and with strong lateral keels and upper and lower crescentic precaudal pits. Pectoral fins long and moderately broad, much shorter than head. Pelvic fins smaller than the 1st dorsal fin but large than the 2nd. First dorsal fin large, high, erect and angular. Second dorsal and anal fins moderately large but less than half size of the 1st, with broad, non-pivotable bases. Caudal fin lunate, dorsal lobe moderately long but less than 1/3 length of rest of shark, ventral lobe nearly as long as dorsal lobe. Total vertebral count 109-116, precaudal count 50-54.
habitats Basking shark is a highly migratory species. Pronounced spatial and seasonal populational segregation may be a characteristic of this species. Maximum size estimated to be 12.2-15.2 m. Size at birth is uncertain with few pregnant females examined. Males a 
Distribution Western North Atlantic, western South Atlantic, eastern North Atlantic, Arctic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, western North Pacific, eastern North Pacific, and eastern South Pacific. 
Utility The basking shark has been the object of small-scale targeted harpoon fisheries from small boats during the 18-20 centuries. This species usually caught with net gears, including bottom anchored gill nets, floating gill nets, pelagic gill nets, bottom tra