Scientific Name
Nebrius ferrugineus  
Nebrius ferrugineus鏽鬚鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lesson, 1831) Depth 1 - 70M
Chinese 鏽鬚鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鉸口鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F014 Ginglymostomatidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 長尾光鱗鯊 
Max Length 320 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 翅沙、褐色護士鯊 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality Port Praslin, New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago; Offack Bay, Waigeo, Indonesia 
Synonyms Ginglymostoma concolor, Ginglymostoma ferruginea, Ginglymostoma ferrugineum, Ginglymostoma muelleri, Ginglymostoma rueppellii, Nebrius concolor, Nebrius doldi, Nebrius macrurus, Nebrodes concolor ogilbyi, Nebrodes macrurus, Scyllium ferrugineum, Scymnus porosus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List FRIP00264.  
Common Name Sleepy shark; Rusty shark; Nurse shark; Tawny nurse shark; Spitting shark; Tawny shark; Giant sleepy shark; Madame X 
Redlist Status VU IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU) A2abcd+3cd+4abcd 2003-04-30   
Characteristic Body elongate, fusiform, head depressed and moderately broad. Snout short and obtuse. Eyes small, without nictitating membrane. Spiracle minute, close behind eye. Nasoral grooves present but no perinasal grooves, mouth well in front of eyes. Length of precaudal tail shorter than head and body. Two spineless, angular dorsal fins and an anal fin. First dorsal base over pelvic bases. Colour brown, from tan to dark grey-brown according to habitat, and slowly changeable by individual.
habitats A large sized, tropical inshore shark of the continental and insular shelves. Ovoviviparous, number of young at least four per uterus. Maximum total length estimated to be about 314-320 cm. Size at birth is about 40 cm. 
Distribution Indo-West and central Pacific including South Africa, Mauritius, Seychelles and Madagascar to Red Sea, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam, China, Taiwan, Papua New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia, New Ireland, Samoa, Palau, Marshal 
Utility This species is commonly caught inshore by fishermen in Pakistan, India, and Thailand, and probably elsewhere. Utilized as fresh and dries salted for human consumption.