Scientific Name
Stegostoma fasciatum  
Stegostoma fasciatum大尾虎鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Hermann, 1783) Depth 5 - 30M
Chinese 大尾虎鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 虎鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F013 Stegostomatidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 豹紋鯊 
Max Length 354 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 長尾虎沙、沙條(臺東)、虎鯊(澎湖)、厚皮鯊(澎湖)、俺奧仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality No locality, probably Indonesia 
Synonyms Scyllia quinquecornuatum, Scyllium heptagonum, Squalus cirrosus, Squalus fasciatus, Squalus longicaudus, Squalus pantherinus, Squalus tigrinus, Squalus tygrinus, Squalus varius, Stegastoma fasciatum, Stegastoma varium, Stegostoma carinatum, Stegostoma fasciata ...all 22..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Nakaya, K. 1973 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0054486. ASIZP0080826. ASIZP0080827. ASIZP0807562. ASIZP0807563. ASIZP0917562. ASIZP0917563. FRIP01072. FRIP21865.  
Common Name Zebra shark; Variegated shark; Leopard shark 
Redlist Status EN IUCN Redlist: Endangered(EN) A2abcd+3cd+4abcd 2003-04-30   
Characteristic Body elongated, compressed, caudal slightly less than 1/2 of total length in adult, more than 1/2 in young. A small transverse mouth in front of eyes. Snout very broad rounded or truncated. Eyes laterally situated on head, without subocular pockets. Two spinless dorsal fin, the 1st dorsal fin much larger than the 2nd dorsal fin and with its origin far forward on back. Pectoral large, its outer margin little less than length of head. Sides of the body with prominent ridges, but no strong lateral keels on the caudal peduncle. Young sharks are dark brown above, yellowish below, with vertical yellow stripes and spots breaking the dorsal coloration into dark saddles.
habitats This is a tropical inshore shark, of the continental and insular shelves of the Indo-West Pacific, that is very common on coral reefs. Oviparous, size of maximum total length possibly 354 cm. Males mature between 147-183 cm, females between 169-233. Size  
Distribution Indo-West Pacific from south Africa and Red Sea to Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, Viet Nam, Kampuchea, the Philippines, China, Taiwan, Japan, Australia. 
Utility This is a common shark in the indo-West Pacific, regularly taken in inshore fisheries in Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, and elsewhere where it occurs. It is usually caught in bottom trawls, gill-nets, and with longlines and other line gear.