Scientific Name
Rhinobatos hynnicephalus  
Rhinobatos hynnicephalus斑紋琵琶鱝
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Richardson, 1846 Depth 20 - 80M
Chinese 斑紋琵琶鱝 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 琵琶鱝科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F047 Rhinobatidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 斑紋犁頭鰩 
Max Length 62 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 犁頭琵琶鱝、飯匙鯊、魴仔、香匙(澎湖)、湯匙(澎湖) 
Distribution in World   Distribution in Taiwan West、PonFu 
Habitats   Holotype Locality China Seas; Canton, China 
Synonyms Rhinobatus hynnicephalus, Rhynchobatis hynnicephalus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);楊鴻嘉圖鑑 (金)  Richardson, J. 1846 Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno, etc. 1984 朱元鼎 編 1985 楊鴻嘉, 楊誠國 1990 Wenbin, Z. etc. 1993 楊鴻嘉, 陳良德 1993 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 楊鴻嘉, 陳良德 1995 楊鴻嘉, 張寶仁 1996 
Specimen List ASIZP0060260. ASIZP0072242. ASIZP0080565. ASIZP0080566. ASIZP0080567. ASIZP0804884. ASIZP0807493. ASIZP0807494. ASIZP0807495. ASIZP0914884. ASIZP0917493. ASIZP0917494. ASIZP0917495. NMMBP03331. NMMBP06483. NMMBP06484. NMMBP06485. NMMSTP00845. NTMP0645. NTUM00036Paratype.  
Barcode2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2016-07-15,Yung-Chieh,CO1,100% 2016-07-15,Yung-Chieh,CO1,100% 2016-07-15,Yung-Chieh,CO1,100%
Common Name Ringstraked guitarfish; Angel fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Disc subtriangular longer than wide, Snout short, acuminate, blunted, 2.1 to 2.5 in disc length; rostral ridges rather broad, narrowly separated anteriorly, diverging little posteriorly. Eyes 4.6 to 4.9 in snout. Nostrils moderately long, oblique, 1.6 to 1.8 in mouth, anterior valve extending inwards to level of inner nostril edge or little beyond, not reaching the mouth. Spiracles smaller than eye, immediately behind eyes, a prominent fold on the margin. Mouth 2.8 to 3 in snout, somewhat arched in the middle. Two dorsals. First dorsal origin distance behind ventral base greater than interdorsal. Pectorals rather narrow. Ventrals close to the pectorals. Tail depressed, caudal small, subcaudal portion weak and without a lobe. Skin covered with minute denticles; series of very small blunt tubercles in median line of back. Specimen in formalin black brownish with blackish brown spots, sometimes forming oval or rounded rings on the back, whitish tinted with olive below. Dorsals and caudal uniform brown. Distribution:China, Japan, Taiwan.
habitats Dwells near shore in sandy mud bottoms. Caught throughout the year in coastal waters of southern China. Feeds on small benthic animals. Ovoviviparous. Used as `kamaboko' material. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: southern Japan and southwest Korea to the China seas.