Scientific Name
Rhinobatos schlegelii  
Rhinobatos schlegelii薛氏琵琶鱝
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Müller & Henle, 1841 Depth 5 - 230M
Chinese 薛氏琵琶鱝 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 琵琶鱝科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F047 Rhinobatidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 許氏犁頭鰩 
Max Length 100 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 飯匙鯊、魴仔、飯匙(澎湖)、湯匙(澎湖)、[魚本]仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan West、South West、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen.; ref. 3069] Japan, Northwestern Pacific 
Synonyms Rhinobatos schlegeli, Rhinobatos schlegelli, Rhinobatus natalensis, Rhinobatus schlegelii   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  朱元鼎 編 1984 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0054480. ASIZP0059353. ASIZP0060045. ASIZP0065502. ASIZP0070203. ASIZP0072243. ASIZP0075024. ASIZP0805005. ASIZP0915005. FRIP01269. MTP0127. NMMBP02470. NMMBP03191. NMMBP03330. NMMBP06189. NMMBP06404. NTMP1241. NTMP1381. NTUM06681.  
Common Name Sand skate shark; Sand shark; Shovelnose; Yellow guitarfish; Brown guitarfish; Beaked guitar fish; Guitarfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Disc subtriangular longer than wide. Snout elongate, 1.4 to 1.5 in head, bluntly pointed. Rostral cartilages strong; ridges distinct to near the end, converging more rapidly in the third of their length nearest the skull. Spiracles close behind eyes, with two prominent fold on hind edge. Norstrils large, oblique; anterior valve moderate, inner of sections broader, extend halfway from lobe to inner nostril edge and then turned forward; posterior valve larger than outer, inner section much wider than the outer. Mouth slightly waved. Teeth smooth, rhomboid. Gill openings moderate, equidistant. Two dorsals. The origin of first dorsal a distance behind base of pelvics greater than that between the two dorsals. Tail depressed, with lateral fold. Caudal moderate, subcaudal without lobe. Specimen in formalin uniform brown above, dorsals and caudal dark brown, lateral fold pale. Under surface whitish. Distribution: Arabia, Philippines, Taiwan, Japan, Korea.
habitats Found near shore on sandy-mud bottoms. Feeds on small benthic animals. Ovoviviparous. The best edible fish in the family, served in raw slices or hard boiled with seasonings. Dried fins used for shark-fin soup. 
Distribution Western Pacific: Korea to the Philippines. Records from India and Oman may not be this species.