Scientific Name
Chaunax penicillatus  
Chaunax penicillatus雲紋單棘躄魚
by: Hsuan-Ching Ho
Author McCulloch, 1915 Depth 640 - 658M
Chinese 雲紋單棘躄魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 單棘躄魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F232 Chaunacidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 雲紋單棘躄魚 
Max Length 32 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 單棘躄魚、五腳虎 (臺東) 
Distribution in World   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Deep Sea  Holotype Locality 60 kilometers southwest of Cape Everard, Victoria, Australia, depth 160-200 fathoms 
Synonyms Chaunax pencillatus, Chaunax tosaensis   
Reference Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.   Allan R. McCulloch 1915 Le Danois, Y. 1978 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0058059. ASIZP0063067. ASIZP0063178. ASIZP0063179. ASIZP0063180. ASIZP0063181. ASIZP0063182. ASIZP0063183. ASIZP0064481. ASIZP0064502. ASIZP0064525. ASIZP0064565. ASIZP0064591. ASIZP0064598. ASIZP0065399. ASIZP0065412. ASIZP0067862. ASIZP0070139. ASIZP0070162. ASIZP0803623. ASIZP0805049. ASIZP0805050. ASIZP0805051. ASIZP0805052. ASIZP0805053. ASIZP0913623. ASIZP0915049. ASIZP0915050. ASIZP0915051. ASIZP0915052. ASIZP0915053. ASIZP0917372. FRIP00231. FRIP03056.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Pencil coffinfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Head large, rounded; skin rather loose, covered with numerous dermal spinules; illicium very short, not easy to see; illicial groove dark pigmented, strongly concave to form a deep trough; esca dark anterodorsally and white posteroventrally, bearing with numerous dermal appendages, hidden in the illicial groove; second and third dorsal spine embedded under skin; small dermal flap or filaments present on edge of body, chin and lower maxilla, numerous around illicial groove and above orbit; gill-opening above and behind the pectoral lobe; body orange to reddish with yellow vermiculation, white below; some deep reddish saddle-like band on dorsal.
habitats It has a benthic inhabits found on continental shelves and slopes. Taken at 280-350m depth or less. Using the stalked pectoral and pelvic fins to across the bottom. First dorsal spine modified into a long rod with a lure at the end to attract preys. 
Distribution Widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Japan to east Australia, and Africa. It is very common species in northeast Taiwan off Suao. 
Utility Large one as fresh sea food, mostly no commercial value.