Scientific Name
Acanthurus maculiceps  
Acanthurus maculiceps頭斑刺尾鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Ahl, 1923) Depth 1 - 15M
Chinese 頭斑刺尾鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 斑頭刺尾魚 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 黑帶倒吊 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Sw. Pacific 
Synonyms Hepatus maculiceps, Hepatus nigricans   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054771. ASIZP0055077. ASIZP0055174. ASIZP0057755. ASIZP0058620. ASIZP0070764. FRIP20031. NMMBP01080. NMMBP03012. NMMBP03232. NMMBP05581. NTOUP200712-103. NTUM00119. NTUM00976. NTUM00977. NTUM00978. NTUM00982. NTUM00984. NTUM00986. NTUM00987. NTUM00988. NTUM00990. NTUM00991. NTUM04141.  
Common Name Pale-lined surgeonfish; White-freckled surgeonfish; Yellow-freckled surgeon fish; Earbar surgeonfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 4-25 ; anal-fin rays III, 3-24 ; pectoral-fin rays 16. Body brown with a black bar on upper edge of gill opening; head spotted; a less intense dark mark just behind the eye, connected narrowly with the dark bar. Around caudal peduncle spine with a dark brown region; outer third of upper pectoral rays pale yellow. Large adults develop a distinctly convex head profile.
habitats Generally found in coastal to outer reef flats from 1 to at least 30m. Usually in schools of mixed similar species when grazing algae. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: From the Andaman Sea and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to the Philippines and the Line Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Samoa. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Lanyu, Lyudao, North.  
Utility Commercial fishery and aquarium species.