Scientific Name
Acanthurus nigricans  
Acanthurus nigricans白面刺尾鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Linnaeus, 1758) Depth 1 - 67M
Chinese 白面刺尾鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 白面刺尾魚 
Max Length 21.3 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 頰面倒吊、黑面倒吊(臺東) 
Distribution in World Pan_Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Mari rubro 
Synonyms Acanthurus aliala, Acanthurus glaucoparecius, Acanthurus glaucopareius, Acanthurus japonicus, Chaetodon nigricans   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0059696. ASIZP0066130. ASIZP0801411. ASIZP0911411. FRIP21092. NMMBP01316. NMMBP04605. NMMBP04607. NMMBP05199. NMMBP06673. NMMSTP00053. NTUM00896. NTUM00897. NTUM00898. NTUM00899. NTUM00900. NTUM00902. NTUM00903. NTUM00904. NTUM00905. NTUM00913. NTUM00915. NTUM00917. NTUM01311. NTUM04895. NTUM08515. NTUM08516. NTUM08517.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100%
Common Name Yellowrimmed surgeonfish; Yellow spotted surgeonfish; Whitetail surgeonfish; Whiteface surgeonfish; White-cheeked surgeonfish; Whitecheek surgeonfish; Blackear surgeonfish; Black surgeonfish; Goldrim surgeonfish; Golden rimmed surgeonfish; Gold-rim tang; 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 28-31 ; anal-fin rays III, 26-28 ; pectoral-fin rays 16.; Body black with a white spot broader than eye below and adjacent to eye; a narrow white band around mouth expect dorsally; a yellow band at base of dorsal and anal fins that broadens posteriorly to nearly full height of fins; caudal fin slightly emarginate color whitish with a yellow bar in posterior third.
habitats Usually occurs on exposed outer reef aeras below heavy surge zone. Territorial, feeds on filamentous algae. 
Distribution Eastern Indian Ocean: known only from Cocos-Keeling Islands and Christmas Island. Pacific Ocean: Ryukyu Islands and Great Barrier Reef to the Hawaiian Islands and French Polynesia. Taiwan: South, Hsaioliuchiu, Lanyu, Lyudao, East. 
Utility Subsistence fishery and commercial aquarium species.