Scientific Name
Acanthurus nigrofuscus  
Acanthurus nigrofuscus褐斑刺尾鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 2 - 25M
Chinese 褐斑刺尾鯛 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 褐斑刺尾魚 
Max Length 21 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 斑面倒吊、黑面倒吊(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Djedda, Red Sea 
Synonyms Acanthurus bipunctatus, Acanthurus elongatus, Acanthurus flavoguttatus, Acanthurus fuliginosus, Acanthurus gahm, Acanthurus lineolatus, Acanthurus marginatus, Acanthurus mata, Acanthurus matoides, Acanthurus nigroris, Acanthurus rubropunctatus, Chaetodon nigrofuscus, Ctenodon rubropunctatus ...all 20..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990) 
Specimen List ASIZP0054123. ASIZP0054857. ASIZP0054968. ASIZP0055054. ASIZP0057757. ASIZP0057758. ASIZP0078926. FRIP20001. FRIP20245. FRIP21084. NMMBP00478. NMMBP00872. NMMBP01077. NMMBP01678. NMMBP02473. NMMBP05505. NMMBP05665. NMMBP05666. NMMBP05679. NTOUP200611-778. NTOUP200801-022. NTUM00780. NTUM00783. NTUM00784. NTUM00785. NTUM00786. NTUM00787. NTUM00788. NTUM00789. NTUM00790. NTUM00791. NTUM00792. NTUM00794. NTUM00795. NTUM00802. NTUM00805. NTUM00809. ...List all 42 records... 
Common Name Spot-cheeked surgeonfish; Blackspot surgeonfish; Brown surgeonfish; Brown surgeon; Dusky surgeonfish; Lavender tang 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 24-27 ; anal-fin rays III, 22-24 ; pectoral-fin rays 16-17. Body brown; with or without fine bluish gray longitudinal lines; pale pectoral fins with upper edge narrowly black; pelvics brown. Lips blackish brown; median upper teeth tend to be pointed. Dorsal fin base with a prominent black spot larger than 1/2 eye diameter; a smaller spot on base of anal fin. Groove of caudal peduncle spine encircled with a narrow black margin. Gill rakers on upper limb girst gill arch:20-24; on lower limb:18-23.
habitats Generally found on shallow coral reefs or rocky bottom from the lower surge zone to a depth of more than 15 m. Feed on filamentous algae. Form spawning aggregations. A species at the bottom of the 'pecking order' among surgeon fishes, and as a result empl 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Transkei, South Africa and east to the Hawaiian and Tuamotu islands; north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, and Rapa. Throughout Micronesia. Mascarene, Line and Society Islands. Ta 
Utility Commercial fishery and aquarium species.