Scientific Name
Acanthurus xanthopterus  
Acanthurus xanthopterus黃鰭刺尾鯛
by: Wei-Chuan Chiang
Author Valenciennes, 1835 Depth 1 - 100M
Chinese 黃鰭刺尾鯛 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃鰭刺尾魚 
Max Length 70 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 倒吊、粗皮仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pan_Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、South West、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Estuary、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality Seychelles 
Synonyms Acanthurus blochii, Acanthurus crestonis, Acanthurus fuliginosus, Acanthurus grammoptilus, Acanthurus matoides, Acanthurus rasi, Acanthurus reticulatus, Acanthurus umbra, Hepatus aquilinus, Hepatus bariene, Hepatus crestonis, Hepatus elongatus, Hepatus guntheri ...all 22..  
Reference 台灣淡水及河口魚圖鑑(周及高,2011)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1835 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0063477. ASIZP0064836. ASIZP0071244. ASIZP0800202. ASIZP0802403. ASIZP0802424. ASIZP0910202. ASIZP0912403. ASIZP0912424. FRIP21013. FRIP21214. FRIP22225. FRIP22420. NMMBP04064. NMMBP08493. NMNSF00093. NMNSF00414. NMNSF00810. NTMP1146. NTOUP200711-042. NTOUP200712-061. NTUM00814. NTUM00816. NTUM00817. NTUM00818. NTUM00819. NTUM00820. NTUM00823. NTUM00824. NTUM00825. NTUM00827. NTUM00829. NTUM00830. NTUM00832. NTUM00834. NTUM00836. NTUM00843. ...List all 52 records... 
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2011-06-13,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Purple surgeonfish; Ring-tailed surgeonfish; Yellowfin surgeonfish; Yellowfin surgeon 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 25-27 ; anal-fin rays III, 23-25 ; pectoral-fin rays 16-17. Body purplish gray, In front of eye with a region of dull yellow, a lesser extension posterior to lower part of eye; outer 1/3 of pectoral fin yellow, extreme distal part hyaline; dorsal and anal fins yellowish grey basally, dull yellow distally; caudal fin base whitish; caudal fin purplish.
habitats Occurs in a variety of habitats; the juveniles mainly in protected inshore waters where it is turbid, the adults in lagoons and bays but also in outer reef areas. This schooling species feeds on diatoms, detritus film of sand, filamentous algae, hydroids, 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands and French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: lower Gulf of California and Clipperton Island to Panama and the Galapagos Islands. Taiwan 
Utility Minor commercial fishery and commercial aquarium species.