Scientific Name
Acrossocheilus paradoxus  
Acrossocheilus paradoxus臺灣石
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Günther, 1868) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 臺灣石 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 臺灣光唇魚 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 石斑、石、秋斑、石賓(臺東) 
Distribution in World Taiwan [Endemic in Taiwan]   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Taiwan 
Synonyms Acrossocheilus formosanus, Acrossocheilus invirgatus, Acrossocheilus labiatus, Barbus matsudai, Barbus paradoxus, Gymnostomus formosanus, Gymnostomus labiatus, Leuciscus labiatus, Lissocholichthys matsudai   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 許桂菁, 蔣鎮宇, 王建平, 麥愛堂 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ANSP49946Holotype. ANSP49947Holotype. ASIZP0056980. ASIZP0056981. ASIZP0056982. ASIZP0057062. ASIZP0057063. ASIZP0057282. ASIZP0057990. ASIZP0059635. ASIZP0062062. ASIZP0062067. ASIZP0062072. ASIZP0062077. ASIZP0062084. ASIZP0062088. ASIZP0062090. ASIZP0062933. ASIZP0065757. ASIZP0068772. ASIZP0068775. ASIZP0072813. ASIZP0072814. ASIZP0074179. ASIZP0074189. ASIZP0074408. ASIZP0074426. ASIZP0075000. ASIZP0075030. ASIZP0080142. ASIZP0080153. ASIZP0080154. ASIZP0080200. ASIZP0080224. ASIZP0801315. ASIZP0805484. ASIZP0805485. BMNH1865.5.2.20Lectotype. BMNH1865.5.2.21-23Paralectotype. BMNH1908.5.27.6-10Syntype. ...List all 174 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Taiwan torrent carp; Taiwan striped barb 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     LC 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::LC
Characteristic Head moderately large. Snout short. Eye large, on upper side of head. Mouth moderately large, broad, at lower tip of snout; lip thick. Body elongated, slightly compressed, belly rounded; dorsal profile slightly arched; ventral profile horizontal to anus. Two pairs of barbels, maxillary barbels are longer than mandibular barbels at corner of mouth. Scales cycloid; lateral line complete. L.l.:39-42; dorsal fin rays:3+8; anal fin rays:3+5. Pelvic fin origin at midline between snout tip and caudal peduncle end; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked. Dark olive dorsally, side and belly silvery white. 7 vertically dark stripes on side, the younger, the more conspicuous.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers running water with higher dissolved oxygen at higher and middle reaches. Polyphagia, feeds on diatom and aquatic insects. 
Distribution Endemic to western portion of Taiwan, had been introduced to eastern portion. 
Utility Popular with angling. Eggs toxic.