Scientific Name
Aphyocypris kikuchii  
Aphyocypris kikuchii菊池氏細鯽
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Oshima, 1919) Depth 0 - 5M
Chinese 菊池氏細鯽 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 菊池細鯽 
Max Length 8 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 美達卡、Medaka(臺東地方俗名)、散魚仔、吉氏細鯽、臺細鯽、瘦魚、車栓仔、竹篙鑣 
Distribution in World Taiwan [Endemic in Taiwan]   Distribution in Taiwan North、East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Bokusekikaku [Hua-lan], Taiwan 
Synonyms Phoxiscus kikuchii   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  Oshima, M. 1919 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 張永州 2004 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 H.-D. Lin, K.-C. Hsu, K.-T. Shao, Y.-C. Chang, J.-P. Wang, C.-J. Lin, etc. 2008 
Specimen List ASIZP0057349. ASIZP0058917. ASIZP0065193. ASIZP0065194. ASIZP0065195. ASIZP0068980. ASIZP0072762. ASIZP0072763. ASIZP0072764. ASIZP0072765. ASIZP0072766. ASIZP0072767. ASIZP0801053. ASIZP0801054. ASIZP0801055. ASIZP0911053. ASIZP0911054. ASIZP0911055. FMNH59099Holotype. FRIP00782. NMMBP02680. NMMBP03905. NMMBP05478. NMMSTP00661. NMNSF00152. NMNSF01373. NMNSF01501-A. NMNSF01501-F. NTHUB01864. NTHUB01868. NTHUB01870. NTOUP201011-605. NTUM02166.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Medaka; Kikuchi's minnow; Taiwan green chub; Taiwan Venus fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     EN 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::EN
Characteristic Head moderately large; roof of head flat. Snout short, blunt. Eye large. Mouth protractile, oblique; lower jaw longer than upper; lips thin. Barbels absent. Body elongated, compressed; Scales moderately large, cycloid; lateral line incomplete and terminate above pelvic fin origin. L.l.:10-11; dorsal fin rays:2+7; pectoral fin rays:1+13; pelvic fin rays:1+7; anal fin rays:2+7. Pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pelvic fin at lower side of body; anal fin rays short, the longest distant from caudal peduncle end; caudal fin concave. Dark grayish dorsally, side and belly silvery white. A dark stripe on middle side from posterior margin of eye to caudal peduncle end. Each fin canary yellow.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers slow running water at lower and middle reaches, can be found in backwater of rivers, canals and ponds, especially areas rich in aquatic vegetation. Polyphagia, feeds on diatom and aquatic insects. 
Distribution Endemic to eastern and northern portion of Taiwan. 
Utility Small in size and poorly noticed.