Scientific Name
Apogonichthyoides timorensis
Apogonichthyoides timorensis帝汶似天竺鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1854) Depth 0 - 12M
Chinese 帝汶似天竺鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 天竺鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F352 Apogonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 帝汶似天竺魚 
Max Length 9 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大面側仔、大目側仔、綠身天竺鯛 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Kupang, Timor I., s. Malay Archipelago. 
Synonyms Apogon darnleyensis, Apogon fraxineus, Apogon striatus, Apogon timorensis, Apogonichthyoides fraxineus, Apogonichthys darnleyensis   
Reference '1.臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Shao, K. T., and J. P. Chen (1986) The New Records of Cardinalfishes from Taiwan, with a Synopsis of the Family Apogonidae. Journ. Taiwan Museum, 39(2):61-104;3. Fraser, T. H. and E. A. Lachner (1986)A revision of the cardinalfish suenera Pristiapogon and Zoramia (genus Apogon) of the Indo-Pacific region (Teleostei: Apogonidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 412: i-iii + 1-47;4. Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma and M. Nishida 2014 (1 Aug.) Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846 (no. 2): 151-203.  Shao, K.T. etc. 1986 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma etc. 2014 
Specimen List ASIZP0057506. ASIZP0057589. ASIZP0070508.  
Common Name Sad cardinal; Sad cardinalfish; Timor cardinal; Timor cardinalfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays VII-I, 9; anal-fin rays II, 8; pectoral-fin rays 15-16. Body black or coppery brown; unsignally black bands under each dorsal fin; may have three faint, dusky bars on sides; gill-rakers fewer than 21; no mark on cheek; three predorsalss; a pair of uroneurals present; preopercular ridge weakly serrated; caudal fin forked.
habitats Found in shallow protected coastal reef crests and lagoons, hiding below corals during the day, but also trawled on soft bottom; also under boulders on shallow reef flats. Nocturnal species. Feeds on zooplankton and other small benthic invertebrates. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and southern Oman south to Natal, South Africa and east to the western Pacific where it occurs from Japan to northern Australia. 
Utility No commercial value.