Scientific Name
Atherinomorus lacunosus  
Atherinomorus lacunosus南洋美銀漢魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forster, 1801) Depth 0 - 4M
Chinese 南洋美銀漢魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 銀漢魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F251 Atherinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 藍美銀漢魚 
Max Length 15 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 南洋銀漢魚、鱙仔、硬鱗(澎湖)、豆殼仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality New Caledonia [Balade, Province Nord, northeastern Grande Terre, southwestern Pacific] 
Synonyms Allanetta bleekeri, Allanetta forskali, Atherina affinis, Atherina forskali, Atherina forskalii, Atherina forskalli, Atherina lacunosa, Atherina morrisi, Atherina pinguis, Atherina punctata, Atherina puntata, Atherina vaigiensis, Atherinomorous lacunosus ...all 29..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055397. ASIZP0057630. ASIZP0058554. ASIZP0060115. ASIZP0066606. ASIZP0066611. ASIZP0066613. ASIZP0066620. ASIZP0066632. ASIZP0067485. ASIZP0067491. ASIZP0067507. ASIZP0072300. ASIZP0072301. ASIZP0072796. ASIZP0074498. ASIZP0074703. ASIZP0801807. ASIZP0801808. ASIZP0801809. ASIZP0801810. ASIZP0801811. ASIZP0802778. ASIZP0802779. ASIZP0802780. ASIZP0805467. ASIZP0911807. ASIZP0911808. ASIZP0911809. ASIZP0911810. ASIZP0911811. ASIZP0912778. ASIZP0912779. ASIZP0912780. ASIZP0915075. ASIZP0915076. ASIZP0915467. ...List all 46 records... 
Barcode2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Silverside; Sandsmelt; Whitebait; Broad-banded hardyhead; Hardyhead silverside 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body subcylindrical, laterally compressed. Distal end of upper jaw extending backward to vertical through anterior border of pupil. Teeth in jaws small, villiform. Free edge of dentary bone almost flat, with no posterior elevation. Gill rakers 18 to 25 on lower limb of first gill arch. First dorsal fin with IV to VII spines; second dorsal fin with I spine and 8 to 11 soft rays; anal fin with I spine and 12 to 17 soft rays; pectoral fins with 14 to 18 soft rays. Body scales large; 39 to 44 midlateral scales; 5 or 5.5 transverse scales rows along side of body. Predorsal scales 17 to 22; interdorsal scales 6 to 9. Body blue-green and translucent with silvery parts of abdomen and head frequently iridescent; midlateral band wider than 1 scale row along side, silvery and often merging with silvery abdomen on anterior part of body. Fins clear to dusky, pectoral fins frequently with blackish blotch.
habitats Common in large schools along sandy shorelines and reef margins. The fish disperse over reefs at sunset, keeping about 2 to 4 m apart. Feeding occurs at night and food includes planktonic eggs, crustaceans, foraminiferans, amphipods, ostracods, calenoid c 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaii, the Samoan and Phoenix islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to Queensland, Australia and New Caledonia. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Extremely important as forage fish for larger species. Sold fresh, or salted and dried.