Scientific Name
Branchiostegus japonicus  
Branchiostegus japonicus日本馬頭魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Houttuyn, 1782) Depth 30 - 200M
Chinese 日本馬頭魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 弱棘魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F355 Malacanthidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 日本方頭魚 
Max Length 46 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 馬頭、方頭魚、吧唄、紅尾、吧口弄、紅馬頭、紅甘鯛 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、North East、PonFu 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Brachiostegus japonicus, Branchiostegus argentatus, Coryphaena branchiostega, Coryphaena japonica, Coryphaenoides hottuynii, Coryphaenoides houttuynii, Latilus japonicus, Latilus ruber   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Yoshino, T. etc. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0064841. ASIZP0064900. ASIZP0070551. ASIZP0070758. ASIZP0071065. ASIZP0078843. ASIZP0800449. ASIZP0800453. ASIZP0804280. ASIZP0910449. ASIZP0910453. BPBMI23146. FRIP01334. FRIP20124. FRIP21435. NMMBP06152. NMMSTP01517. NTMP0706. NTMP1349. NTUM02421. NTUM06769. NTUM06772. NTUM06773. NTUM06774. NTUM06776. NTUM06777.  
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Red tilefish; Horse-head fish; Horse head; Japanese horsehead fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body quadriform and square-headed. Head large, 26 to 30% (usually 28%) standard length. Preopercle angle 90° to 95°, without notch above angle. Eye large, 28% head length. Jaws slightly oblique, extending posteriorly to under anterior third of pupil. Body pink-red with overlying golden tint and underlying faint yellowish blotches, several irregular light reddish blotches dorsally at midbody; predorsal ridge dark; head without suborbital silvery bars, but with characteristic large triangular postsuborbital silvery white area; caudal fin with 5 or 6 bright yellow stripes.
habitats Found associated with burrows on sandy-muddy, or shell-sand-mud bottoms in depths of 30 to 265 m; commonly caught at depths of 80 to 200 m in East China and Yellow seas. 
Distribution Distributed in Western Pacific from Central Honshu to the South China Sea. Also reported as far south as the Arafura Sea. It is found in southwestern, northeastern and northern Taiwanese waters, and Penghu Islands. 
Utility Marketed fresh, canned, and salted.