Scientific Name
Bufoceratias shaoi  
Bufoceratias shaoi邵氏蟾蜍角鮟鱇
Author Pietsch, Ho & Chen, 2004 Depth 500 - 1200M
Chinese 邵氏蟾蜍角鮟鱇 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 雙角鮟鱇科 Economic Fish No 
Family F238 Diceratiidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 邵氏蟾鮟鱇 
Max Length 10 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 邵氏蟾鮟鱇、深海鮟鱇 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Deep Sea  Holotype Locality Off northeastern coast of Taiwan, 24°25-50'N, 122°00-10'E, depth 0-800 meters 
Reference Ho & Shao (2019), Zootaxa, 4702(1):10–18.   Pietsch, T. W. etc. 2004 
Specimen List ASIZP0059952Paratype. ASIZP0061796Holotype. ASIZP0062950. ASIZP0804891. ASIZP0914891.  
Common Name Shao's double angler 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body of females short, globular; mouth large, cleft extending past eye; skin covered with tiny close-set dermal spinules; dark brown to black over entire surface of head, body; illicium very long, emerging from dorsal surface of head at rear of skull; second dorsal spine present sink beneath skin of head with age, but remaining connected to the surface through a small pore; anterior tip of pterygiophore of illicium concealed beneath skin. Esca with an elongate, unpigmented terminal papilla, cylindrical and truncated or gradually tapering to a point; escal pore situated at postero-basal margin of terminal papilla; anterior escal appendage divided into several secondary branches, each branch bearing numerous slender filaments; a pair of slender filaments emerging from escal bulb adjacent to origin of anterior escal appendage; a pair of short unbranched anterolateral appendages; a pair of lateral escal appendages, each divided into four or five secondary branches, each bearing numerous long, slender filaments; increased branching and elongation of appendages and filaments with increasing size of specimens; length from base of escal bulb to tip of longest filaments 23-48% SL; proximal parts of all appendages and filaments lightly pigmented, distal ends unpigmented. Illicium length in 25-40 % SL.
habitats Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous. Adults are meso- and bathypelagic. Ma 
Distribution Widely distribed in Indo-West Pacific from Mozambique Channel to Taiwan. In Taiwan. it is rare occurring in northeastern off Yilan. 
Utility No commercial value.