Scientific Name
Carcharhinus macloti  
Carcharhinus macloti麥氏真鯊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Müller & Henle, 1839) Depth 1 - 170M
Chinese 麥氏真鯊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 真鯊科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F029 Carcharhinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 麥氏真鯊 
Max Length 110 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大沙、槍頭白眼鮫、黑鯊 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West 
Habitats Ocean、Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality New Guinea 
Synonyms Carcharias macloti, Hypoprion macloti   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001);FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world  Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Specimen List ASIZP0070788. NMMSTP00375.  
Common Name Hardnose shark; Maclot's shark 
Redlist Status NT IUCN Redlist: Lower Risk/near threatened(NT)  2003-04-30   
Characteristic A smaller, slender shark species. Snout long and narrowly rounded or slightly pointed. Eyes moderately large, its length 1.8-2.5% of total length. Gill slits short, length of 3rd 2.8-3.5% of total length and about a third of 1st dorsal base. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 13-14/10-14. Upper teeth with narrow, smooth, moderately high cusps, and crown feet with strong distal and proximal cusplets but no serrations. Lower teeth with oblique, moderately high smooth cusps and transverse roots. Interdorsal ridge absent. Origin of 1st dorsal fin usually over or somewhat anterior to the pectoral free rear tips. Inner margin of 1st dorsal extremely long, about 2/3 of dorsal base. Second dorsal fin small and low, its height 1.8-2% of total length, its inner margin elongated and 2.3-2.4 times its height. Origin of 2nd dorsal well behind anal origin, near anal midbase. Number of total vertebral centra 151-156. Colour grey or grey-brown above, white below.
habitats A small, common inshore shark species. Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta. Litter size 1-2 (usually 2). Maximum size below 100 cm. Males maturing at about 69 cm and females 76-89 cm. Size at birth 45-50 cm. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific including Kenya, Tanzania, Pakistan, India, Andaman Sea, Burma, Viet Nam, China, Taiwan, New Guinea.